What is Biochar ?
Biochar is carbonized biomass that is effective to activate living things and improve natural environment, having been internationally recognized in recent years.
In Asian countries where huge population had to survive in limited land, people relied upon labor intensive agriculture such as rice cropping and developed the technology of converting any kind of material around into fertilizer. This is not an old story. Our parent or grandparent had utilized their own excretion, livestock manure, fallen leaves, flesh grass and house ravish as a source of fertilizer intensively. Moreover, carbonized biomass such as rice husk charcoal or wood ash have been valuable material as soil amendment for long time.
But this traditional technology has gradually disappeared as chemical agriculture prevails in 20th century.
Our first purpose is to re-evaluate Asian agricultural technology as our common property and make use of them to rise up agricultural productivity and conservation of natural environment.
Biochar as a hopeful measure of combating Global Warming(GW)
Although there have been numbers of agreements on limiting GreenHouse Gas (GHG) emission, itfs increasing continuously. The necessity of reducing GHG emission has been internationally advocated but not succeeded at all, but in real, drastic climate change by GW has been coming up. The effect of GW reach to ocean, natural calamity by abnormal weather often happens. Agricultural production is not balanced to the growth of the world population, forest declines and disappears rapidly. No one could forecast that securing food & energy and drastic change of natural environment have become so intensified as seen currently.
Carbon dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) technology is still on developing, incomplete, and alternative energy is not a proper option yet. Reduction of current GHG and inactivation of future GHG are inevitable but for GHG that have already been emitted, we have not found the solution, quite difficult to be optimistic.
Needless to say, fossil fuel is a mass of carbon that earth has shut in for 300 million years long. We, human being are going to use it up within less than 300 years. If all carbon in the ground would be released into atmosphere, how it will be? Observing earth history, emitted carbon dioxide can be absorbed only by green plants on the land and in water area.
Biochar help plantsf growth, rise up productivity and contribute sustaining the quality of soil. At the same time, if we carbonize organic material such as agricultural waste, forest residues, wood waste and food waste, applying & burying them into farm land, forest area or unutilized land in a big volume, it will make possible to shut stable carbon in soil and water for long time.
This idea was advocated from 1990 in
Second purpose of JBA is building up a system that makes everyone can combat against GW at anywhere, anytime with simple technology by application of charcoal for agriculture, stockraising, fisheries industry, construction and civil works.
Extend the gBiocharh to all over the
In the deep Brazilian Amazon, Terra Preta (=dark earth) existence was known by Ethnologists as that had brought prosperity to natives. In 2000fs, its details has been researched scientifically. It was charcoal, gBiocharh that supported high productivity of their crops. This discovery surprised western scientist, they started to study Biocharfs application to agriculture. Dr. OGAWA was invited to the international gathering on charcoal application for agriculture held in Georgia University, USA, June 2004, to report Japanese experience and mechanism how charcoal effects to plant growth. In
Through this preparative process, discussion on setting up International study gathering had been heated up in USA and Australia, first gathering named International Agri-char Initiative was held in Australia and the second in England, holding more than 200 participants, 79 posters from 40 countries in the name of International Biochar Initiative (IBI).
Recognizing this hot stream on
The third purpose of setting up JBA is to extend our useful technology cultivated in Asian environment in order to prepare for crisis on food, energy and environment that will be coming up in the near future.
If you or your company, institute, organization are related to development, research or extension in following subject, letfs join in JBA. Those are;
Carbonizing technology, production & supply of raw material of charcoal, function of carbonized products, production of fertilizer, agriculture, forestry, stockraising, fisheries, water purification, waste water disposal, greening project, civil engineering, construction work and microbial industry.
Charcoal has been playing a great role of
activating microbes & plants and led animal their life along the history of
earth practically, widely and deeply. We have never heard that charcoal application
had brought negative result. Charcoal can be identified as secure and safe
material which suits to the law of nature. We would like to contribute to the
future of human beings practically, widely and deeply just as charcoal. Your
participation will be welcomed sincerely.
Dr.OGAWA Makoto/President of JBA