(Special site, until 2019 March)

Field Research Center (Nagoya University), located in Mongolian University of Science and Technology@-- Link





(To Japanese Home Page)

1.@ Geology @of @Mongolia

2.@ Introduction to Geology

3. Geologic guide in Sendai

Editor of this home page
Retired from
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology

What's new?

October 24, 2016

Lecture Slide for gIntroduction to Graniteh. (Link)

Lecture Note for gIntroduction to Graniteh (Link)

September 22, 2016

Lecture Slide (Pumpelly, American Geologist who surveyed Mongolia).  (Link)


1.   Geology of Mongolia

New Mongolian Geological Map data service

---Geological Map data

1.1 Mongolian Geoscientist :
English journal on geology of Mongolia (Mongolian Geoscientist) is edited by Geological Society of Mongolia.
  ¨ Mongolian Geoscientist


Selected articles in Mongolian Geoscientist



O. Tomurtogoo (1997) A new tectonic scheme of the Paleozoides in Mongolia.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no.3, p.12-19. (pdf 918 KB)

G. Badarch and D. Orolmaa (1998) Overview of the Geology and Tectonic evolution of Southern Mongolia.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no.10, p.10-17. (pdf 427 KB)

G. Badarch (2005) Tectonic overview of Mongolia.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no.27, p.1-7.  (pdf 1.7 MB)



Resource Geology

G. Dejidmaa(1996) Gold Metallogeny of Mongolia.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no.1, p.6-29. (pdf 911 KB)

Sh. Batjargal, J. Lkhamsuren and D. Dorjgotov(1997) Lead-Zinc ore deposits in Mongolia.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no.2, p.2-14.  (pdf 627 KB)

B. Kotlyar, T. Drown, F. Tungalag, and O. Gantsetseg(1998) Two types of mineralization in the North Khentei gold tend.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no.11, p.10-13. (pdf 230 KB)

D. Janchiv and N. Ichinnorov (2007) Petroleum Potential of Mongolia.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no. 31, p.62-66. (pdf 1,278 KB)

Garamjav D. and Jargalan S (2009) Introduction to REE Metallogeny of the Mongolia.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no. 35, p.73-76. (pdf 612 KB)



Field Excursion Guide

O. Gerel and J. Lkhamsuren (1998) Granitic pluton of Gorkhi with crystal-bearing miarolic pegmatite.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no.10, p.94-103. (pdf 400 KB)


Yuhei Takahashi, Niiden Ichinnorov, Sereenen Jargalan, Sodnom Khishigsuren and Jargal Lkhamsuren (2004) Geology around Ulaanbaatar  - Field excursion guide for East Eurasian Geological Seminar 2003 -.  Mongolian Geoscientist, no. 24, p. 11-16. (pdf 197 KB)



1.2 Geological reports and Geological maps (Confirmed link to outside on Nov. 11, 2014)
In Bulletin of Geological Survey of Japan
Geochronological review of the granitoids in central Mongolia
    Bull. GSJ (2000), vol.51(no.5), p.167-174.
Granitoids series in central Mongolia
    Bull. GSJ (1998), vol.49(no.1), p.25-32.
K-Ar ages of politic schist in west Mongolia (Kurimoto et al.)
    Bull GSJ, vol.49(1), 19-23 (1998)
Conodonts in west Mongolia (Kurimoto et al.)
    Bull GSJ, vol.48(9), 487-491 (1997)
Special Issue: Mineral Resources in Mongolia
  Nine reports are contained in this issue.
    Bull GSJ, vol.49(6), 237-340 (1998).

In Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences

An early Paleozoic tectonothermal event in western Mongolia (Owada et al.)

   @@¨ JMPS, vol. 108 (1), 42-46, 2013

Metamorphic pressure-temperature evolution of garnet-chloritoid schists from the Lake Zone, SW Mongolia (Javkhlan et al.)

¨ JMPS, vol. 108 (5), 255-266, 2013

Middle Paleozoic greenstones of the Hangay region, central Mongolia: Remnants of an accreted oceanic plateau and forearc magmatisim (Erdenesaihan et al.)

    @¨ JMPS, vol. 108 (6), 303-325, 2013


Geology of the Bayankhongol area, Mongolia

Explanation Text

   @¨ GSJ Open File 344, 1999

Geologic map (L-47-17)

  @ ¨ GSJ Open File 345, 1999

Geologic map (L-47-10)

   @¨ GSJ Open File 346, 1999

Geologic map (L-47-16)

   @¨ GSJ Open File 347, 1999

Geologic map (L-47-24)

   @¨ GSJ Open File, 348, 1999

Geologic map (L-47-23)

   @¨ GSJ Open File 349, 1999

Geologic map (L47-9)

   @¨ GSJ Open File 350, 1999



1.3 Geological Research Organization in Mongolia (Confirmed link to outside on May 1, 2016)

Mongolian Academy of Sciences



Mineral Resources Authority of Mongolia (MRAM)



Central Geological Laboratory




1.4 Analysis of air pollution in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, based upon the chemistry of snow samples.

General remarks; Output from the overseas training in PhD professional program gEnvironmental Assessment in Ulaanbaatarh, Nagoya University, in 2014, 2015 and 2016

Link to gPreliminary reporth, in English with Japanese extended abstract

Reports from the students, 2016

(1)  Tackling the air pollution problem in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Innovative and Inexpensive Short Term Solutions to Reduce Air Pollution

(2)  Study in Mongolia: Environmental Assessment in Ulaanbaatar (U.B)

(3)  Air pollution Assessment in Chingeltei District

(4)  Building a new green metropolis-Comprehensive solution for air pollution in UB-


General remarks; Output from the overseas training in PhD professional program gEnvironmental Assessment in Ulaanbaatarh, Nagoya University, in 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018.

Link to gReport, 2018 ver.h, in English with Japanese extended abstract



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2. Introduction to Geology



This site is prepared for the young geologists to whom English is a second or a foreign language.  They can study geology and get familiar with English in this site.  The curriculum is composed of introduction to earth science and geology, geologic map, rock classification, microscope observation, resource geology and environment geology.  Though arrangement of these chapters is scheme of classical physical geology, new concept and skill such as geographical information system, remote sensing and deserts are also included.



1.     Introduction to Earth Science

2.     Geologic Maps

3.     Rock Classification

4.     Resource and Environment


(Dictionary, News Magazine, and some sites)

















2.1 Introduction to Earth Science (Confirmed link to outside on Nov. 11, 2014)

2.1.1 Plate Tectonics

By W. Jacquelyne Kious and Robert I. Tilling

This book was originally published in paper form in February 1996.  The online edition contains all text from the original book in its entirety.

This Dynamic Earth: the Story of Plate Tectonics


2.2.2 Geological Time

Website of University of California, Berkeley.  We can study stratigraphy, ancient life and tectonics in each geologic time.

Geologic Time Scale




To Preface




2.2 Geologic Maps (Confirmed link to outside on Nov. 11, 2014)

2.2.1 Geologic maps in the world

USA; US State Geological Maps in University of Wisconsin site

State Geological Maps


UK; Geology of Britain viewer

Geological Map of British Isles


Australia; Map site of Australian Government Geoscience Australia

Geological Map of Australia


Japan; Seamless geological map of Japan

Geological Map of Japan


Mongolia; Geologic map data in Mongolia

Geologic map of Mongolia



2.2.2 Geographic Information System (GIS)

TNT mips; Downloads site of MicroImages, Inc.   Free geodata viewer TNTatlas, Sample data and Tutorials are useful for studying GIS.

Software, Documentation, and Resources


Case study used with GIS; Introduction to Geology of Mongolia based upon GIS.Geological Survey of Japan, Open File Report no. 413.  Data, manual and viewer soft wear are included in this site.

Degitalized guide for geology of Mongolia




To Preface





2.3 Rock Classification (Confirmed link to outside on Nov. 11, 2014)

2.3.1 Three Rock Types

Site of Prof. Fichter in James Madison University

Igneous Rocks

Sedimentary Rocks

Metamorphic Rocks



2.3.2 Polarising microscope and minerals

Earth Sciences Site of University of Bristol.  Base of the microscope is shown.

Polarising microscope


Site of  the University of North Carolina.  Atlas of igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Under microscope




To Preface





2.4 Resource and Environment (Confirmed link to outside on Nov. 11, 2014)

2.4.1 Mineral Deposits

James D. Bliss, Editor (1992) Developments in Mineral Deposit Modeling.  Bull. USGS, no. 2004.

Mineral Deposit Modeling


Mineral commodity reports covering nonfuel mineral industry data.

Mineral Commodity Summaries in US


Copper deposits

Kimball, B. E. (2013) Minerals explained 53; Chalcopyrite - bearer of a precious, non-precious metal.  Geology Today, 29, 30-35.  (Not only mineralogy of chalcopyrite but also copper mining industry is explained.)



Johnson, K.M., Hammarstrom, J.M., Zientek, M.L., and Dicken, C.L. (2014) Estimate of undiscovered copper resources of the world, 2013: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2014-3004, 3 p.  (Current and future copper resources are summarized in short.)

Copper resources of the world


The above two reports are summarized..

Introduction to copper deposits (pdf, 840 KB)



2.4.2 Mining and Environment

Trude V.V. King ed. (1995) Environmental Considerations of Active and Abandoned Mine Lands.  Lessons from Summitville, Colorado.  Bull. USGS, no. 2220.

Case study of mining and environment


Balistrieri, L. S. et al. (2010) Impacts of historical mining in the Coeur d'Alene River Basin.  USGS Bulletin: 2191-6

Mining in the Coeur d'Alene River Basin



2.4.3 Nature and human society

The followings are popular online publications in USGS.  It is useful for considering relation of geology and human society. 



By Robert I. Tilling



By Kaye M. Shedlock and Lous C. Pakiser



By A. S. Walker


Other popular publications are available in the following site.



To Preface






Geological Dictionary

At the site of University of California, Berkeley

UCMP Glossary


Geological News Magazine

GSA Today


USGS Newsroom



Text book

TERRAPUB e-Library

USGS Special Books


Geological Organization

U.S.Geological Survey

Britisch Geological Survey

Geoscience Australia

Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation

Geological Survey of Japan


Lecture Note

   Introduction to Granite - Geology and Mineralogy


To Preface





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