for Engineers
Category: Computer

(Revision 10, April 2005)


[Copyright: TechnoArt Co., Ltd.]

   Magazines: Nikkei Electronics, Nikkei Microdevices, Nikkei Mechanical, etc.
   News papers: Nikkei Industrial Journal, Dempa Journal
   White papers: IEEE, IEC, SMPTE, Internet Websites, format specifications, etc.
   Others: encyclopedias, instruction booklets, catalogues, product spec., etc.

 Computer (1067)
2DD	  double-side double density
2HD	  double-side high density
3D DDI	  3 Dimensional Device Driver Interface
4GL	  4th generation language
4GT	  4 GB Ram Tuning
A3D	  Aural 3D
ABI	  application binary interface
ABS	  air bearing surface
ACE	  Advanced Computing Environment
ACPI	  Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ACSM	  Application Control State Machine
ADB	  Apple Desktop Bus
ADE	  automatic design engineering
ADF	  Auto Document Feeder
ADO	  ActiveX Data Objects
ADSI	  Active Directory Service Interfaces
ADT	  attribute definition table
AGP	  Accelerated Graphics Port
AIF	  application integration feature
ALU	  arithmetic logical unit
AML	  ACPI Machine Language
AMR	  Audio/Modem Riser
AOAC	  always on/always connected
API	  application programming interface
APIC	  Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
APM	  Advanced Power Management
APNIC	  Asia Pacific Network Information Center
ARC	  Advanced RISC Computing
ASF	  Active Streaming Format
ASL	  ACPI Source Language
ASP	  active server page
ASPI	  Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
ATA	  AT Attachment
ATAPI	  AT Attachment Packet Interface
ATM	  asynchronous transfer mode
ATM API	  asynchronous transfer mode application programming interface
ATMS	  Automated Traffic Management Systems
AT-UD	  Unimodem Diagnostics Command
ATX	  AT eXtension
AUI	  Attachment Unit Interface
AVGA	  Advanced VGA
AVI	  Audio Visual Interleaving
AWT	  Abstract Window Toolkit
BAR	  base address register
BASIC	  beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code
BBS	  bulletin board system
bcc	  blind carbon copy
BCL	  bias compensation layer
BDA	  BIOS Data Area
BDC	  backup domain controller
BDK	  Business Development Kit
BIOS	  basic input/output system
BIPS	  billion instructions per second
BIS	  boot integrity services
BLOB	  Binary Large Object
BML	  Broadcast Markup Language
BMP	  Basic Multilingual Plane
BMP	  Bit Map
BMS	  broadcast message server
BNF	  Backup Naur Form
BOF	  beginning of file
BOOTP	  bootstrap protocol
BPB	  BIOS Parameter Blocks
BPC	  Broadcast PC
BPI	  bit per inch
BPI	  bit per instruction
bpp	  bits per pixel
BPR	  business process reengineering
bps	  bit per second
BRAN	  Broadband Radio Access Networks
BRI	  Basic Rate Interface
BSDL	  Boundary Scan Description Language
BTL	  backplane transceiver logic
BTRON	  Business TRON
BUS	  broadcast unknown server
C&C	  computer and communication
CA	  conditional access
CA	  certification authority
CAD	  computer aided design
CAD/CAM	  computer aided design / computer aided manufacturing
CAE	  computer aided engineering
CAE	  common application environment
CAE	  Conditional Access Engine
CAI	  computer assisted (aided) instruction
CAL	  common application language
CAL	  computer assisted learning
CALS	  Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistical Support
CAM	  computer aided manufacturing
CAM	  content addressable memory
CAPI	  Cryptographic API
CASE	  computer aided software engineering
CAT	  computer aided testing
CBQ	  class-based queuing
CDA	  Compound Document Architecture
CDB	  Command Description Block
CDC	  Connected Device Configuration
CDDI	  copper distributed data interface
CDE	  Common Desktop Environment
CDF	  Channel Definition Format
CDFF	  Common Document File Format
CDIF	  Common Document Intermediate Format
CDL	  Class Definition Language
CDP	  Concept Description Plan
CDRA	  Character Data Representation Architecture
CDSA	  Common Data Security Architecture
CEDR	  Windows CE Driver Repository
CG	  computer graphics
CGA	  Color Graphics Array
CGA	  column grid array
CGI	  Computer Graphics Interface
CGI	  common gateway interface
CGM	  Computer Graphics Metafile
CHRP	  Common Hardware Reference Platform
CHS	  cylinder head sector
CI	  Component Instrumentation
CICS	  Customer Information Control System
CID	  Compatible ID
CIFS	  Common Internet File System
CIM	  computer integrated manufacturing
CIM	  Common Information Model
CIMOM	  CIM Object Model
CINF	  check (modem) INF tool
CIS	  card information structure
CIS	  customer information system
CISC	  complex instruction set computer
CL	  CAS(column address strobe) Latency
CLAD	  cell assembler/disassembler
CLDC	  Connected Limited Device Configuration
CLI	  Call Level Interface
CLOS	  Common Lisp Object System
CLP	  cell loss priority
CLUT	  Colour Look-Up Table
CMC	  Computer Numeric Control
CMIP	  common management information protocol
CML	  Caucus Markup Language
CMM	  color matching modules
CMM	  Capability Maturity Model
CNR	  Communication and Networking Riser
COBOL	  common business oriented language
COCOMO	  construction cost model
COM	  Component Object Model
CORBA	  Common Object Request Broker Architecture
COSE	  Common Open Software Environment
COSS	  Common Object Service Specification
CP/M	  control program for a microcomputer
CPN	  central processing node
CPU	  central processing unit
CRL	  Certificate Revocation List
CSEL	  Cable SELect
CSMA/CA	  carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance
CSMA/CD	  carrier sense multiple access with collision detection
CSN	  Card Select Number
CSS	  Contact Start Stop
CSV	  comma separated value format
CT	  computerized tomography
CTI	  Computer Telephony Integration
CTRON	  central-TRON
CTS	  computerized typesetting system
CTS	  Clear To Send
DA	  data administrator
DAA	  Data Access Arrangement
DAC	  Design Automation Conference
DAP	  Directory Access Protocol
DAS	  dual attachment station
DASD	  direct access storage device
DB	  database
DB2	  Database 2
DBA	  database administrator
DBC	  Device Bay Controller
DBM	  Dual Bit Map
DBMS	  database management system
DC	  device context
DCD	  Data Carrier Detect
DCE	  Data Communications Equipment
DCE	  distributed computing environment
DCF	  Distributed Coordination Function
DCI	  display control interface
DCL	  Delay Calculation Language
DCLZ	  data compression Lempel-Ziv
DCOM	  Distributed Component Object Model
DDC2B	  Display Data Channel Standard, Level 2B
DDE	  Dynamic Data Exchange
DDF	  Data Description Field
DDFF	  Distributed Disk File Facility
DDK	  Driver Developers Kit
DDL	  data definition language
DDM	  design data manager
DDM	  Distributed Data Management
DDML	  Display Driver Management Layer
DDoS	  distributed denial of service
DDS	  Digital Data Storage
DDS	  Distributed Data Server
DEF	  Design Exchange Format
DES	  data encryption standard
DFM	  Distributed File Management
DFS	  Distributed File System
DFT	  Drive Fitness Test
DFT	  design for test
DIB	  Device Independent Bitmap
DIB	  Directory Information Base
DIFS	  distributed access inter frame space
DIM	  Device Interface Module
DINA	  Distributed Information Processing Network Architecture
DIPS	  Dendenkousha Information Processing System
DISA	  Distributed Information Processing System Architecture
DISM	  Digital Interface Standards for Monitor
DISP	  Directory Information Shadowing Protocol
DIT	  Directory Information Tree
DLC	  data link control
DLCI	  datalink channel identifier
DLL	  dynamic link library
DME	  Distributed Management Environment
DMI	  Desktop Management Interface
DML	  data manipulation language
DMTF	  Desktop Management Task Force
DMWG	  Data Management Work Group
DN	  Distinguished Name
DNS	  Domain Name System
DOA	  data oriented approach
DOM	  Distributed Operations Master
DOMF	  Distributed Object Management Facility
DOP	  Directory Operational Protocol
DOS	  Disk Operating System
DP	  data parallelism
DPC	  Deferred Procedure Call
DPI	  dot per inch(dpi)
DPMI	  DOS protected mode interface
DPMS	  Display Power Management Signaling
DRC	  design rule checker
DRDA	  Distributed Relational Database Architecture
DRF	  Data Recovery Field
DRM	  Digital Rights Management (System)
DR-PI	  design representation programming interface
DS	  Directory Service
DSA	  Digital Signature Algorithm
DSE	  Development Software Engineer
DSM	  digital storage media
DSM-CC	  digital storage media-control command
DSO	  Dynamic Shared Object
DSS	  Microsoft Mail Directory Synchronization (dir-sync) Server
DSS	  decision support system
DSSSL	  Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (ISO/IEC 10179)
DSU	  digital service unit
DTC	  Distributed Transaction Coordinator
DTD	  document type definition
DTE	  data terminal equipment
DTM	  data transfer mechanism
DTP	  desktop publishing
DTR	  Data Terminal Ready
DVMCI	  digital video media control interface
DVO	  Digital Video Output
DXF	  drawing interchange file
EA	  extended attributes
EAB	  embedded array block
EAP	  Extensible Authentication Protocol
EASI	  embedded all-in-one system interface
EBCDIC	  extended binary coded decimal interchange code
EBCOT	  Embedded Block Coding with Optimized Truncation
EDA	  electronic design automation
EDD	  Enhanced Disk Drive
EDF	  earliest deadline first
EDI	  electronic data interchange
EDID	  Extended Display Identification Data
EDIF	  electronic design interchange format
EDO	  extended data out
EDP	  electronic data processing
EEMBC	  EDN Embedded Microprocessor Benchmark Consortium
EFS	  Encrypting File System
EGA	  Extended Color Graphics Array
EGA	  Enhanced Graphics Adapter
EHCI	  Enhanced Host Controller Interface
EHLLAPI	  extended high level language application programming interface
EIDE	  Enhanced Integrated Device Electronics
EIO	  Extended I/O
EISA	  extended industry standard architecture
ELF	  Extended Link Format
EM	  electronic mail
EMB	  Extended Memory Block
EMC	  electro magnetic compatibility
EMF	  Extended metafile
EMM	  Entitlement Management Messages
ENIAC	  Electronic Numerical integrator And Calculator
EOF	  end of file
EPIC	  Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing
EPP	  Enhanced Parallel Port
E-R	  entity-relationship
ERC	  electrical rule checking
ERP	  Error Recovery Procedure
ES	  expert system
ESA	  extended service area
ESA	  Enterprise Systems Architecture
ESC/P	  Epson Standard Code for Printer
ESCD	  Extended System Configuration Data
ESCON	  enterprise systems connection
ESDI	  enhanced small device interface
ESIOP	  environment-specific inter-ORB protocol
ESS	  extended service set
ETK	  Embedded Toolkit
EUC	  Extended UNIX Code
EUC	  end-user computing
EUI-64	  Extended Unique Identifier
EVC	  Enhanced Video Connector
EWS	  engineering workstation
ExCA	  Exchangeable Card Architecture
FACS	  Firmware ACPI Control Structure
FAPI	  Fingerprint Aware Application Program Interface
FAT	  file allocation table
FBAPI	  Fingerprint Basic Aware Application Program Interface
FCA	  Fibre Channel Association
FC-AL	  Fibre Channel Arbitrated Loop
FCB	  file control block
FC-EP	  Fibre Channel Extended Physical
FCP	  Fibre Channel Protocol
FCP	  function control protocol
FC-PH	  Fibre Channel Physical
FCS	  frame check sequence
FCSI	  Fibre Channel Systems Initiative
FD	  floppy disc
FDC	  Floppy Disk Drive Controller
FDD	  floppy disc drive
FDDI	  Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FDIV	  Floating (point) Divide
FDL	  Facility Data Link
FDO	  Functional Device Object
FE	  Framing Error
FEAPI	  Fingerprint Extended Aware Application Program Interface
FFOL	  FDDI Follow on LAN
FHN	  Fiber HUB Node
FiDO	  Filter Device Object
FIM	  Function Component Interface Module
FIQ	  Fast Interrupt reQuest
FLP	  fast link pulse
FMV	  Full Motion Video
FMV	  fair market value
FNA	  Fujitsu Network Architecture
FNO	  Foreign Namespace Object
FoIP	  FAX over Internet Protocol
FORTRAN	  formula translator
FP	  function point
FPA	  function point analysis
FPU	  floating-point processing unit
FR	  frame relay
FRS	  File Replication Service
FSB	  Front Side Bus
FSD	  File System Driver
FSF	  free software foundation
FSRTL	  File System Run Time Library
FTAM	  File Transfer, Access and Management
FTC	  fault tolerant computer
FTP	  File Transfer Protocol
FTS	  fault tolerant system
FTTB	  fiber to the building
FTTC	  fiber to the curb
GART	  Graphic Address Re-mapping Table
GCP	  Global Computation Platform
GDA	  Global Document Annotation
GDI	  Graphical Device Interface
GDT	  Global Descriptor Table
GFC	  Generic Flow Control
GIDEI	  General Input Device Emulation Interface
GIF	  Graphics Interchange Format
GINA	  Graphical Identification and Authentication
GKS	  Graphical Kernel System
GMR	  giant magnetoresistive
GNU	  general public license
GNU	  GNU's Not Unix, "guh-NEW"
GPC	  Graphics Performance Characterization
GPIB	  general purpose interface bus
GPIO	  General Purpose I/O
GPL	  GNU Public License
GSS-API	  Generic Security Service Application Program Interface
GTF	  Generalized Timing Formula
GVIF	  Gigabit Video Interface
H/W	  hardware
HA	  home automation
HAA	  Hitachi Application Architecture
HAMR	  Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording
HCI	  Host controller Interface
HCL	  Hardware Compatibility List
HDA	  head disk assembly
HDC	  hard disk controller
HDCG	  high definition computer graphics
HDD	  hard disk drive
HDL	  hardware description language
HDLC	  High Level Data Link Control procedures
HDT	  Host Digital Terminal
HEC	  Header Error Control
HEL	  hardware emulator layer
HFS	  hierarchical file system
HID	  Human Interface Device
HIPPI	  high performance parallel interface
HLLAPI	  high-level language application programming interface
HMA	  high memory area
HMI	  Human Machine Interface
HPC	  high performance computation
HPCCI	  High-performance Computing and Communications Initiative
HPF	  High Performance Fortran
HPFS	  High Performance File System
HRTF	  Head Related Transfer Function
HSFS	  High-Sierra File System
HSM	  Hierarchical Storage Management
HSSI	  High-Speed Serial Interface
HSTP	  High Speed Transport Protocol
HTPC	  Home Theater Personal Computers
I2O	  Intelligent Input/Output
IA-PC	  Intel Architecture Personal Computer
IBIS	  I/O buffer information specification
ICC	  integrated communication controller
ICCCM	  Inter-Client Communication Conventions Manual
ICM	  Image Color Management
ICM	  Image Compression Manager
ICU	  ISA Configuration Utility
IDAPI	  Integrated Database API
IDE	  integrated device electronics
IDL	  Interface Definition Language
IDM	  Interleaved Device Mode
IDT	  Internet Development Toolbox
IDT	  Interrupt Dispatch Table
IE	  Internet Explorer
IF	  Implements Forum
IFC	  internet foundation class
IFS	  ICOT Free Software
IFS	  instable file system
IFSMGR	  Instable File System Manager
IGES	  Initial Graphics Exchange Specification
IHV	  independent hardware vendor
IME	  Input Method Editor
IN	  intelligent network
Indeo	  Intel Video Technology
INN	  InterNetNews
IOOM	  the Ithaca Object-Oriented Methodology
IOS	  I/O Supervisor
IP	  interface protocol
IPC	  interprocess communication
IPD	  Integrated Program Decoder
IPI	  Intelligent Peripheral Interface
IPL	  Initial Program Load
IrLAP	  infrared link access protocol
IrLMP	  infrared link management protocol
IrMC	  Infrared Mobile Communications
IrOBEX	  Infrared Object Exchange Protocol
IRP	  I/O Request Packet
IRQ	  interrupt request
IrTA	  infrared terminal adapter
IrTran-P	  Infrared Transfer Picture
IrWW	  Infrared Wrist Watch
ISA	  Industry Standard Architecture
ISAPI	  information server API
iSCSI	  Internet SCSI (SCSI over TCP/IP)
ISIS	  Image and Scanner Interface Specification
IS-IS	  Intermediate System to Intermediate System Infra Domain Routing Exchange
ISM	  Interface Subscriber Module
ISO/OSI	  International Standards Organization Open System Interconnection
ISR	  Interrupt Service Routine
IST	  interrupt service thread
ISV	  independent software vendor
IT	  information technology
ITRON	  Industrial TRON(The Realtime Operating system Nucleus)
IVD LAN	  integrated voice and data LAN
IVV	  Independent Verification & Validation
IX	  internet exchange
IXC	  Inter Exchange Carrier
JAIN	  Integrated Network APIs for the Java Platform
JAM	  Java administration server
JAR	  Java archive
Java VM	  Java Virtual Machine
JCL	  job control language
JCP	  Java Community Process
JFC	  Java Foundation Classes
JIT	  Just-In-Time
JLE	  Japanese Language Environment
JNI	  Java Native Method Interface
JOIS	  JICST On-line Information System
KBM	  knowledge based machine
KCC	  Knowledge Consistency Checker
KDD	  Knowledge Discovery in Databases
KDT	  keyboard definition table
KPA	  key process area
KPS	  key predistribution system
LA	  laboratory automation
LAN	  local area network
LAPM	  Link Access Protocol, Modem
LBA	  logical block address
LBP	  laser beam printer
LCC	  levelized compiled code
LCF	  Link Control Facility
LDAP	  lightweight directory access protocol
LDI	  LVDS Display Interface
LEC	  LAN emulation clients
LECS	  LAN emulation configuration server
LES	  LAN emulator server
LFN	  long file name
LIM	  Lotus-Intel-Microsoft
LIP	  Loop Initialization Primitive
LP	  laser printer
LPC	  Low Pin Count
LPE	  layout parameter extraction
lpi	  line per inch
LPT	  line printer
LSSD	  level sensitive scan design
LSTF	  least slack time first
LU	  Logical Unit
LUN	  logical unit number
LVE	  Live Video Extensions
LVM	  logical volume manager
MA	  message area
MAC	  media access control
MADK	  Microsoft ActiveX Development Kit
MAOS	  multi application operating system
MAPI	  Messaging Application Programming Interface
MAS	  multiple-address space
MBONE	  multicast backbone
MCA	  multi-channel access
MCA	  Micro Channel Architecture
MCD	  Mini Client Driver
MCGA	  Multi Color Graphics Array
MCI	  Media Control Interface
MCI	  Multimedia Control Interface
MCT	  Modem Compatibility Test
MCU	  multipoint connection unit
MDD	  multi-valued decision diagram
MDI	  Multiple Document Interface
MDK	  Modem Developers Kit
MDL	  memory descriptor list
MESN	  Media Event Status Notification
MF	  more fragments (bit)
MF	  media flexible
MFP	  multi-function peripheral
MFT	  master file table
MHS	  message handling system
MI	  Management Interface
MIA	  Multivendor Integrated Architecture
MIDI	  musical instrument digital interface
MIDP	  Mobile Information Device Profiles
MIF	  Management Information File
MIF	  management information format
MII	  media independent interface
MIMD	  multiple instruction stream multiple data stream
MIPS	  million instructions per second
MIS	  management information system
MMC	  Microsoft Management Console
MMHID	  Multimedia Human Input Device
MMIO	  memory-mapped I/O
MMU	  memory management unit
MMX	  multimedia extension
MNLS	  Multi National Language Support
MNP	  Microcom Networking Protocol
MOD	  movie on demand
MOF	  Management Object Format
MOLAP	  multi-dimensional online analytical processing
MOM	  message oriented middleware
MOOD	  Methodology for Object Oriented Design
MP/M	  multi-programming monitor
MPC	  Multimedia Personal Computer
MPDU	  MAC Protocol Data Unit
MPI	  Message Passing Interface
MPIC	  Multiprocessor Interrupt Controller
MPPE	  Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption
MPS	  MultiProcessor Specification
MR	  Mixed Reality
MRCI	  Microsoft Real-time Compression Interface
MSCDEX	  Microsoft CD-ROM Extensions
MSCS	  Microsoft Cluster Server
MSDL	  Microsoft Download Library
MSDN	  Microsoft Developer Network
MS-DOS	  Microsoft disk operating system
MSDU	  MAC Service Data Unit
MSEN	  Media Status Event Notification
MSMQ	  Microsoft Message Queue Server
MSO	  multiple system operator
MTD	  Memory Technology Driver
MTE	  Message Transfer Element
MTF	  Microsoft Tape Format
MTS	  Microsoft Transaction Server
MTU	  maximum transmission unit
MTU	  Maximum Transfer Unit
MUD	  Master User Domain
MUI	  multimedia user interface
MULTOS	  multiapplication operating system
MVEX	  Minimal Video Extension to X
MVS	  Multiple Virtual Storage
MVS/ESA	  MVS/Enterprise Systems Architecture
NABTS	  North American Basic Teletext System
NAPLPS	  North American Presentation-Level-Protocol Syntax
NBDD	  NetBIOS datagram distribution server
NBNS	  NetBIOS name server
NC	  naming context
NC	  Network Computer
NCB	  network control block
NCP	  Netware Core Protocol
NCRP	  Network Computer Reference Specification
NCS	  Network Computing System
NCSS	  non-comment source statements
NCU	  network control unit
NDD	  Norton Disk Doctor
NDIS	  Network Driver Interface Specification
NDPS	  network distributed print system
NDS	  Netware Directory Service
NDS	  Novell Directory Service
NEEDS	  Nikkei Economic Electronic Databank System
Net PC	  network personal computer
NetBEUI	  NetBIOS Extended User Interface
NETBIOS	  Network Basic Input/Outputs System
NFS	  network file system
NGIO	  Next Generation Input/Output
NIC	  network interface card
NIT	  Network Information Table
NIU	  Network Interface Unit
NLM	  NetWare loadable module
NLS	  national language support
NNI	  network node interface
NOD	  News on Demand
NOI	  Notice Inquiry
NOS	  Network Operating System
NPI	  Network provider Interface
NPR	  Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NREN	  National Research and Education Network
nrt	  non-real-time
NSP	  native signal processing
NT	  New Technology
NT	  Network Termination
NTDS	  Windows NT Directory Service
NTFS	  NT File System
NTLM	  Windows NT LAN Manager
NTP	  Network Time Protocol
NTS/E	  Windows NT Server, Enterprise Edition
NVOD	  Near Video on Demand
OADG	  Open Architecture Developing Group
OAK	  OEM Adoption Kit
OAM	  operation and maintenance
OCMP	  Open Computing environment for MIPS Platform
OCN	  Open Computer Network
OCX	  OLE Custom control
ODA	  Open Document Architecture
ODAPI	  Open Database Application Programming Interface
ODB	  object-oriented database
ODBC	  Open Database Connectivity
ODBMS	  object(-oriented) database management system
ODI	  Open Datalink Interface
ODS	  operational data store
ODSI	  Open Directory Services Interface
OEX	  OLE System Control
OFS	  Object File System
OGI	  Open Graphics Initiative
OHCI	  Open Host Controller Interface
OID	  Object ID
OLAP	  on-line analytical processing
OLCP	  on-line complex processing
OLE	  Object Linking & Embedding
OLTP	  on-line transaction processing
OMA	  Object Management Architecture
OMAP	  Open Multimedia Application Platform
OMG-IDL	  Object Management Group Interface Definition Language
OMG-UNO	  Object Management Group Universal Networked Objects
OMT	  Object Modeling Technique
ONC	  Open Network Computing
ONP	  open network provision
ONU	  optical network unit
OOA	  object-oriented analysis
OOAD	  object-oriented analysis and design
OOD	  object-oriented design
OODB	  object-oriented database
OOP	  object-oriented programming
OOPS	  object-oriented programming system
OOPSLA	  Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages, and Application
OpenHCI	  Open Host Controller Interface
OPK	  OEM preinstallation kit
OQL	  object query language
OR	  operations research
ORB	  Operation Request Block
ORB	  Object Request Broker
ORDB	  Object-Relational Database
OS	  operating system
OSA	  Open Scripting Architecture
OSF	  Open Software Foundation
OSI	  Open System Interface
OSI	  Open Systems Interconnection
OSPM	  OS-directed Power Management
OSR	  OEM service release
OTG	  on the go
OTS	  Object Transaction Service
OVI	  Open Verilog International
PA	  Precision Architecture
PABX	  private automatic branch exchange
PAC	  Privilege attribute Certificate
PAD	  Program associated data
PAD	  packet assembler/disassembler
PAD	  Problem Analysis Diagram
PARCOR	  partial auto correlation
PA-RISC	  Precision Architecture-RISC
PAS	  Pre-Boot Authentication Service
PC	  personal computer
PC	  packet classifier
PC-DOS	  Personal Computer-Disk Operating System
PCI	  Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCI PM	  PCI Bus Power Management Specification
PCIC	  PC Card I/O Cards
PCP	  Printer Control Protocol
PCS	  physical coding sublayer
PCT	  Private Communication Technology
PCTE	  portable common tool environment
PDA	  personal digital assistants
PDC	  primary domain controller
PDC	  Program Delivery Control
PDC	  professional developers conference
PDEF	  physical design exchange format
PDF	  Portable Document File
PDK	  Peripheral Developers Kit
PDL	  Process Design Language
PDL	  page description language
PDM	  product data management system
PDM	  Primary Defect Map
PDO	  physical device object
PDQ	  parallel data query
PDS	  public domain software
PEX	  PHIGS Extension to X
PFS	  Product Functional Specification
PGP	  pretty good privacy
PHIGS	  Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System
PIAM	  Platform Independent Application Model
PIC	  Personal Intelligent Communicator
PIC	  Programmable Interrupt Controller
PICS	  Platform for internet Content Selection
PID	  Program ID
PID	  packet identification
PIF	  program information file
PIM	  Parallel Inference Machine
PIO	  programmed input/output
PIP	  P Internet Protocol
PIT	  Programmable Interrupt Timer
PKT	  Partition Knowledge Table
PL/1	  Programming Language one
PLB	  Picture Level Benchmark
PLDA	  Private Loop Direct Attach
PLI	  programming language interface
PMA	  physical medium attachment
PMC	  PCI Mezzanine Card
PMD	  physical medium dependent
PMD	  physical media dependent sublayer
PME	  Power Management Event
PML	  Physical Markup Language
PNG	  Portable Network Graphics
POI	  point of interface
POP	  point of presence
POP	  post office protocol
POPS	  peta operations per second
POSIX	  portable operating system interface
POST	  power-on self-test
POWER	  Performance Optimization with Enhanced RISC
pp	  program parallelism
ppm	  pages per minute
PPP	  Point-to-Point Protocol
PPTP	  point-to point tunneling protocol
PRM	  Performance Report Message
PS/2	  personal system/2
PS2	  Play Station 2
PSS	  Product Support Services
PSW	  Program Status Word
PVC	  permanent virtual circuit
PVM	  Parallel Virtual Machine
PVP	  Packet Video Protocol
QBE	  query by example
QCELP	  Qualcomm code excited linear prediction
QCIF	  quarter common intermediate format
QIC	  Quarter-inch Cartridge
QRSL	  Quad Rambus Signal Level
QTVR	  QuickTime VR
QVGA	  quarter video graphic array
RAD	  rapid application development
RAID	  Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks
RAW	  read and write
RDA	  remote database access
RDB	  relational database
RDBMS	  relational database management system
RDN	  Relative distinguished Name
RFID	  Radio Frequency Identification
RFT:DCA	  Revisable From Text : Document Content Architecture
RID	  Relative ID
RIFF	  Resource Interchange File Format
RIMM	  Rambus Inline Memory Module
RIPL	  Remote Initial Program Load
RISC	  reduced instruction set computer
RLC	  Run Length Coding
RMI	  remote method invocation
RNI	  Raw Native Interface
ROLAP	  Relational online analytical processing
RPC	  remote procedure call
RPE-LTP	  Regular Pulse Excitation-Long Term Predictive cording
RPG	  Report Program Generator
RSL	  Rambus Signal Level
RSX	  Intel Realistic Sound eXperience
RT	  remote terminal
RT	  Real-Time
RTC	  real-time clock
RTF	  Rich Text Format
RTK	  real time kinematic
RTOS	  Real Time Operating System
RTS	  Request To Send
RWS	  Remote Winsock
S/PDIF	  Sony Philips Digital Interface
S/W	  software
SA	  Structured Analysis
SAA	  Systems Application Architecture
SACCH	  slow associated control channel
SAF	  synthetic antiferromagnet
SALT	  Speech Application Language Tag
SAM	  SCSI-3 Architecture Model
SAP	  secondary audio programming
SAR	  segmentation and reassembly
SASI	  Shugart Associates System Interface
SBC	  surrounded by complement
SBC	  SCSI-3 Block Commands
SBE	  software behavior estimation
SBP	  Serial Bus Protocol
SBS	  Smart Battery Specification
SBS	  Smart Battery Systems
SC	  Structured Chart
SCA	  single connector attachment for SCSI Disk Drives
SCAM	  SCSI Configured Automatically
SCD	  SPARC Compliance Definition
SCI	  scaleable coherent interface
SCID	  Service Channel ID
SCM	  Software Configuration Management
SCP	  Source Compatibility Package
SCP	  Service Control Point
SCSI	  small computer system interface
SCSIFCP	  SCSI Fibre Channel Protocol
SCSL	  Sun Community Source License
SCT	  Software Compatibility Test
SD	  Structured Design
SD	  shared disk
SDAS	  System Development Architecture & Support facilities
SDE	  Software Development Engineer
SDH	  synchronous digital hierarchy
SDK	  software developer's kit
SDLC	  Synchronous Data Link Control
SDP	  session description protocol
SDR	  Sustained Data Rate
SDU	  Service Data Unit
SE	  system engineer
SE	  shared everything
SECC	  Single Edge Contact Cartridge
SECE	  secure electronic commerce environment
SES	  solution exchange standard
SETP	  Stream Environment Transport Protocol
SFF	  Small Form Factor
SFN	  single frequency network
SFS	  stick-on free slider
SFS	  Shared File System
SGML	  Standard Generalized Markup Language
SI	  Service Information
SI	  system integration
SID	  Subsystem ID
SIE	  Serial Interface Engine
SIMD	  single instruction stream-multiple data stream
SIPC	  Simply Interactive Personal Computer
SIR	  serial infrared interface
SIS	  strategic information system
SLCP	  Software Life-Cycle Processes
SLIC	  subscriber line interface circuit
SLIP	  Serial Line IP
S.M.A.R.T.	  Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology
SMB	  server message block
SMBus	  System Management Bus
SMDL	  Standard Music Description Language
SMI	  system management interrupt
SMM	  system management mode
SMS	  system management server
SNA	  Systems Network Architecture
SNA	  Software Network Architecture
SOF	  start of frame
SPA	  Software Process Assessments
SPARC	  Scalable Processor Architecture
SPDL	  Standard Page Description Language
SPEF	  Standard Parasitic Exchange Format
SPF	  standard parasitic format
SPI	  Serial Peripheral Interface
SPICE	  Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis
SPID	  Service Profile Identifier
SPMD	  single program multiple data stream
SPS	  Shock Protection System
SPSR	  Stored Program Status Register
SPX	  Sequenced Packet Exchange
SQL	  structured query language
SRB	  Stream Request block
SRC	  sample rate converter
SRC	  sampling rate change
SSA	  Serial Storage Architecture
SSADM	  Structured Systems and Design Method
SSC	  Smart Signal Conditioning
SSDP	  Simple Service Discovery Protocol
SSI	  single system image
SSL	  Secure Socket Layer
SSP	  serial storage protocol
SSPI	  Security Support Provider Interface
SSTF	  shortest seek time first
SSTV	  slow scan television
STD	  State Transition Diagram
STEP	  Standard for the Exchange of Product
STI	  Still Image architecture
STT	  Secure Transaction Technology
SVC	  switched virtual connection
SVG	  Scalable Vector Graphics
SVGA	  super video graphics array
SVID	  System Vendor Interface Definition (IDentification)
SXGA	  super extended graphic array
SXVGA	  super extended video graphics array
TAPI	  Telephony application programming interface
TBI	  Ten Bit Interface
TCL	  Tool command Language
TD-CDMA	  time division-code division multiple access
TDE	  telephone data entry
TDI	  Transport Driver Interface
TE	  terminal equipment
TFTP	  trivial file transfer protocol
TIFF	  Tagged Image File Format
TLD	  Top Level Domain
TLI	  Transport Level Interface for UNIX
TM	  transaction manager
TMDS	  Transition Minimized Differential Signaling
TMF	  transaction monitoring facility
TOC	  table of contents
TREC	  Texture and Rendering Engine Compression
TRON	  The Realtime Operating system Nucleus
TSD	  type-specific driver
TSR	  terminate-and-stay-resident
TSS	  time sharing system
TWAIN	  Technology Without Any Interested Name
TwinVQ	  transform domain weighted interleave vector quantization
TXD	  Transmission Data
UAS	  User Account System
UBR	  unspecified bit rate
UCT	  Universal Coordinate Time
UDL/I	  unified design language of integrated circuit
UDP	  User Datagram Protocol
UFS	  UNIX file system
UHCI	  Universal Host Controller Interface
UI	  UNIX International
UI	  User Interface
UI	  Unit Interval
UIMS	  user interface management system
ULP	  upper layer protocol
UML	  unified modeling language
U-N	  User to Network primitive
UNC	  Universal Naming Convention
UNI	  user network interface
UP	  Uniprocessor
UPC	  Usage Parameter Control
UPF	  Uni Picture Format
URB	  USB request block
URL	  Uniform Resource Locator
USB	  Universal Serial Bus
USN	  Update Sequence Number
UTMI	  USB2.0 Transceiver Macrocell Interface
UTOPIA	  Universal Test & Operations PHY Interface for ATM
U-U	  User to User primitive
UUCP	  UNIX to UNIX Copy Program
UVGA	  Ultimate VGA (1024 x 768, 60fps)
VAFC	  Vesa Advanced Feature Connector
VAN	  value added network
VB	  Visual Basic
VBA	  Microsoft Visual Basic Programming System Application Edition
VBE	  VESA BIOS Extension
VBX	  Visual Basic Extension
VC	  virtual channel
VC	  virtual circuit
VCCI	  Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment
	  and Electronic Office Machines
VCDFSD	  Virtual CD-ROM File System Driver
VCI	  Virtual Channel Identifier
VDD	  Virtual Device Driver
VDD	  Version Description Document
VDIF	  Video display Information Format
VDM	  Virtual DOS Machine
VDM	  Virtual Device Manager
VDMA	  Virtual DMA
VDMAD	  Virtual DMA Device
VDO	  Video Distribution Office
VDP	  video datagram protocol
VDS	  Virtual DMA Services
VDT	  video display terminal/visual display terminal
VESA	  Video Electronics Standard Association
VFS	  virtual file system
VFW	  Video for Windows
VGA	  Video Graphics Array
VHDL	  VHSIC hardware description language
VI	  VHDL International
VIP	  Video Information Provider
VISCA	  Video System Control Architecture
VITAL	  VHDL Initiative toward ASIC Libraries
VL-Bus	  VESA local bus
VLM	  Very Large Memory
VM	  Virtual Machine
VM/CMS	  Virtual Machine / Conversational Monitor System
VM/ESA	  Virtual Machine/Enterprise Systems Architecture
VME	  versa module European
VMS	  Virtual Memory System
VMTP	  Versatile Message Transaction Protocol
VOD	  video-on-demand
VP	  virtual path
VPE	  Video Port Extension
VPI	  virtual path identifier
VpicD	  virtual programmable interrupt controller device
VRML	  virtual reality modeling language
VSAM	  virtual storage access method
VSD	  Vendor Specific Driver
VUDA	  VESA Unified Graphic Architecture
VUMA	  VESA Unified Memory Architecture
VVIDD	  VESA Video Interface for Digital Display
VxD	  Virtual Device Driver
VXI	  VMEbus extensions for instrumentation
WAIS	  wide area information server
WBMP	  Wireless Bitmap
WBS	  work breakdown structure
WBT	  Windows-Based Terminal
WC	  write combining
WCEfA	  Windows CE for Automotive
WD	  working draft
WDCTRL	  Western Digital-Compatible Hard Disk Controller
WDI	  Watchdog input
WDL	  Windows Driver Library
WDM	  Win32 Driver Model
WDMCSA	  WDM Connection and Streaming Architecture
WHIIG	  Windows Hardware Instrumentation Implementation Guideline
WHQL	  Windows Hardware Quality Laboratory
WIA	  Windows Image Acquisition
WIA	  Wearable Internet Appliance
WIDE	  Widely Integrated Distributed Environment
WIFE	  Windows Intelligent Font Environment
WinHEC	  Windows Hardware Engineering Conference
WINNLS	  Windows National Language Support
WINS	  Windows Internet Name Service
WinSock	  Windows Sockets 2.0
WIPS	  whetstone instructions per second
WLL	  wireless local loop
WMA	  Windows Media Audio
WMF	  Windows Meta-File
WMI	  Windows Management Instrumentation
WORM	  write once, read many
WOSA	  Windows Open System Architecture
WPS	  Windows Printing System
WRAM	  Window RAM
WRB	  Web Request Broker
WS	  workstation
WSH	  Windows Scripting Host
WSP	  WinSock Proxy
WSS	  Windows Sound System
WWDU	  Work With Display Units
XCOFF	  eXtended Common Object File Format
XDR	  external data representation
XFN	  X/Open Federated Naming
XGA	  eXtended Graphics Array
XHTML	  eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language
XIMP	  X Window System Input Method Protocol
XIP	  eXecute-in-Place
XKP	  Extended Kanji Processing
XMS	  eXtended Memory Specification
XNS	  Xerox Network System
XPC	  extended processing complex
XPG	  X/Open Portability Guide
XTP	  express Transfer Protocol
Y2K	  Year 2000
ZAK	  Zero Administration Kit foe Windows NT Workstation
ZAW	  Zero Administration Windows
ZIP	  Zone Improvement Plan
ZM	  zone marker
ZTAT	  Zero Turn Around Time
ZVP	  Zoomed Video Port

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