Kiev is the capital city of the little Russian (present Ukraine Republic) and was the capital of Russia when the first united dynasty was founded. In the 11th century a "golden gate" was constructed as a monument of the defeat to enemies. The picture was a work to apply in 1869 for the competition to rebuild the gate of Kiev. It was evaluated as the best. The gate was however not built by the unkown reason. Ikuma Dan stated, " The music is more huge than the picture. This music itself instead of the unconstructed gate is the great gate in a dream constructed on Moussorgsky's eternal friendship to Hartmann. I can hear an old hymn to comfort the soul of the friend."