"Earth" space (Conversation with crew station "Mir")
- Since it so happens that the two spoke, the third and probably favors - sensitively "entered" into our conversation Valeri Polyakov. - Especially there and refer the matter to resonate with my answer. Here, you know, for the second time Victor and I was in space. And it develops in such a way that something does not want to see - namely, some natural phenomena. So, already noticed some trend or correlation between noctilucent clouds and severe consequences, disasters earth in the form of earthquakes. So peeps, knowing that it is a grand spectacle, but says: "Lord, I do not need noctilucent clouds."
- Yes, the prayers of the living station "Mir" - I sighed. - And in general, Valery, the earth is very different according to your observations right now compared to your memories from the previous flight?
- Well, the difference is probably only in the emotional perception. If then I rushed to the window constantly, it was interesting and a novelty, but now you say: "I have already seen, it is better that anything else about it." But, anyway, when you start playing, it is very difficult to break away. Something she still draws, has some magical properties.
V.Istomin. January 9 astronauts engaged in laying waste to TAG. After lunch, during each session to train with an instructor for the test. The astronauts reported a powerful layer of noctilucent clouds in the vicinity of Cape Horn at 10:13. According to Valery Polyakov appearance of this type of cloud preceded by a cataclysm in the world: earthquakes, floods, the resumption of hostilities.
In the work by Fatkullin et al. , the characteristic ionosphere precursors were shown for the Spitak earthquake: the enhanced night values of the critical ionosphere frequencies over the spacious region and the magnitude decrease of their uctuation in the day of the earthquake occurrence.
Cosmonaut Sergei Avdeyev, who holds the record for the most time spent in space -- more than two-years -- says he is disappointed because there is important space research that could be conducted on Mir. For example, crewmembers say they witnessed atmospheric phenomena prior to the August 17th earthquake in Turkey, but that their monitoring equipment was too new and untested for them to predict an earthquake.
Above: Noctilucent clouds over Finland. The orange hues near the horizon are ordinary sunset
colors, notes Gary Thomas. NLCs, on the other hand, are usually "luminous blue-white or sometimes
just pale white," he says. Image credit Pekka Parviainen.
A noctilucent cloud photograph by Pekka Parviainen.
1989 July 21/22 22:48
Type IVb: whirls
A simple curve consisting of one or more bands with angular radius of curvature of 3 to 5
degrees. Bands, IIb, showing a diverging perspective.
This photograph is from the book "Observing Noctilucent Clouds" by M. Gadsden and P. Parviainen, edited by IAGA in 1995.
Avdeev's perspective came from three flights aboard Mir, the Soviet space station in orbit for 15 years before being abandoned in March 2001. Cosmonauts were able to monitor volcanoes and work on perfecting earthquake prediction techniques by making observations from above. So glorious were the views, it was the one job that every cosmonaut wanted, Avdeev confided. All spacefarers really desired was a "fish tank" with windows. That's the dream, and it remains a dream he added. His more serious point was that he and colleagues were witnesses to harmful changes brought about by human activities. It was their job to bring the proof back to Earth.
Avdeev said that variations in cosmic rays, which can be observed from Space, can be used to warn of impending disaster, allowing a vital few hours for ground-based action. It was now up to a new generation of scientists to work out the information that can be used more quickly to help avert catastrophe. [Listen to Sergei Avdeev's talk (MP3) ]
Within the framework of Kazakhstan Space Programme for a period of 2005 - 2007, a big complex of researches are carried out. In particular, methods of space- and ground-based observations of mesosphere clouds (also referred to as silvery or night luminous) are developed.
These clouds exist at a height of eighty five kilometers. They are studied for over hundred years but scientists have not found out yet, where water vapour comes from at such height. Similar clouds may arise on the Mars but on the Earth water vapour can not pass to upper atmosphere. There is a hypothesis
that water is brought to upper atmosphere together with small comets but nobody has found them yet.
To clue silvery clouds Russian astronomers will observe them in Northern Kazakhstan (optimal latitude zone for study of mesosphere clouds); as to Kazakhstan researchers, they plan to keep a look-out from outer space. (Editorial Board of Journal)