The Well-Tempered Clavier
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The period of COTHEN: 1717-1723

Bach worked at the small Court of Anhalt-Cothen with the title of Capellmeister. On 1 March 1719 Bach travelled to Berlin to acquire a splendid new harpsichord with two keyboards for Cothen court.
0n 22 January 1720, when Bach dedicated the first Clavierbuchlein to his nine-old son Wilhelm Friedmann, a vital new element entered the conception of his keyboard works, namely instruction. Playing and composition, practice and theory, instruction and delectation: all should be integrated.
In the summer of the same year 1720, his wife, Maria Barbara passe away suddenly when Bach was out of the town with his Prince. His wife had been buried in his absence.Afterwards four their children left motherless.

But he continued his work, composing and playing cantatas for his Prince. In order to perform these works there were singers from nearby Courts. He found one of these, Anna Magdalena. She attracted Bach's attention with her fine soprano voice. In 1721, Anna Magdalena at the age of 20 and Bach at 35 married. His second wife Anna Magdalena kept their home happy with his children and raised thier children. One of thier three daughters Elizabeto Uriana married with Johann Christov Altnikol who was one of pupils of J. S. Bach and afterwards put the name of the Well-Tempered Clavier Book 2.

And also she tried hard to copy his manuscripts. She was an important assistant for Bach.

In 1723, Bach left with his family for Leipzig. There he was to remain for the rest of his life.

The days for the Book 2

Around 1744, Bach was devoted into special music works with the most profound statements, especially "the Art of Fuge 'Die Kunst der Fuge' BWV 1080" in which the concept of distinction between keys was out of matters for Bach. And as a great maestro Bach recieved many visitors as his son Carl-Phillip Emanuel wrote " no musician of any consequence passing through Leipzig would fail to call upon my father".

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