CFRL News No. 45 (2002. 12. 20)
Cold Fusion Research Laboratory (Japan) Dr. Hideo Kozima, Director
E-mail address; firstname.lastname@example.org
CFRL News No. 45をお送りします。
常温核融合現象CFP(Cold Fusion Phenomenon) は、「背景放射線に曝された、高密度の水素同位体(H and/or D)を含む固体中で起こる、核反応とそれに付随した事象」を現す言葉です。
1) Proceedings of ICENES 2002 が刊行されました
2) TESMI Meeting (Italian CF Meeting)のプログラム
1. Proceedings of ICENES 2002
第11回「明日の核エネルギー系に関する国際会議」の報告集 The Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems (29 September – 4 October, 2002, Sheraton Old Town Hotel, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA) が12月に刊行され、出席者に送られてきました。
1. Effects of Glow Discharge with Hydrogen Isotope Plasmas on Radioactivity of Uranium, by J. Dash, I. Savvatimova, S. Frantz, E. Weis and H. Kozima (p. 122)
2. Cold Fusion Phenomenon and Its Application to Energy Production and Nuclear Waste Remediation, by H. Kozima (p. 237)
3. Low Energy Reaction Cell for Portable Power, by G.H. Miley (p. 354)
4. Exothermal Effect by Passing a Direct Current Through a Composite Conductor – Possible Nuclear Explanation, by J. Dufour (p. 367)
5. Theoretical Analysis of the Cold Fusion Process, by F. Frisone (p. 388)
論文 1 と 2 の全文をWebsite (Papers) に.pdf ファイルとして掲載しました：
この報告集の序文Preface （Thomas A. Mehlhorn (Program Chair, Sandia National Laboratories) による）を次に引用します。
Greetings to the participants of ICENES 2002:
The technical presentations at the 11th International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems and the papers contained in these proceedings are an interesting microcosm reflecting the hopes, fears, and excitement that surround the wide variety of nuclear energy options in existence at the beginning of 21st century. While today fission reactors provide substantial amounts of electricity around the globe, we find that this contribution is likely to decline in many countries unless some major changes in public perception and national policies are made. To avoid a decline, leading to eventual cessation of fission reactors as an electricity producer in the US, Vic Reis recommends that the US government extend the licenses of existing reactors, open Yucca Mountain to receive nuclear waste, provide help to industry with pre‑construction costs, and to execute and advanced fuel initiative. Globally, public perception of nuclear energy in the post cold war era is influenced by uncertainties in how to deal with the excess plutonium and other radioactive legacies of the weapons race. Official policies need to be developed that decide whether plutonium is the most dangerous substance on the Earth and should be buried, or whether it represents an abundant energy source that should be employed to the benefit of mankind.
"Sustainability" is a concept that captures the linkage between many of the issues discussed in these proceedings. Closing the nuclear fuel cycle will greatly extend global energy reserves. However, the fuel cycle must address societal concerns about environmental safety and nuclear proliferation. Accelerator-driven systems continue to be advocated, both in Europe and the US to deal with safety, proliferation, and waste storage issues. Advanced fission systems, including high temperature gas-cooled reactors with pebble fuels, are also being studied as an enhancement over existing light water reactors.
Fusion energy continues to be a long-term hope for energy production. ITER, the international magnetic fusion project, is regaining momentum as serious proposals for siting the facility are being made, and the US fusion community is recommending that we officially rejoin the project. Construction and operation of ITER would represent a serious advance in magnetic fusion energy research. On the inertial fusion side, while the US continues to construct NIF, alternative concepts are being developed. Exciting new advances in z-pinch-driven ICF make it an interesting alternative to laser fusion, as highlighted in Al Romig's keynote address. The concept of fast ignition has gained widespread interest, and could revolutionize both approaches. As noted in the paper by John Nuckolls, economic power production may well require even more revolutionary ideas if ICF is to be a viable concept. It is interesting to note that neutrons from a developmental fusion reactor could be a valuable and cost-effective source for transmuting nuclear waste from fission power plants. The ultrahigh-intensity lasers required for fast ignition can also be used to study some areas of nuclear physics and have been proposed as possible waste transmutation systems using photonuclear reactions. A workshop on modelling the physics involved in the generation, transport, and deposition of fast electron and ions accelerated by these high intensity lasers demonstrated the emerging challenges in understanding these processes.
Many other interesting topics in nuclear energy are contained in these proceedings. Human space travel within the solar system would greatly benefit from both more powerful nuclear energy systems as well as more powerful, higher performance nuclear propulsion systems. The same pulsed power systems that are being studied for 1CP energy production are also being considered for creating a micro-fission version of the Orion space propulsion concept. Self‑contained space nuclear power systems can also have terrestrial applications in remote regions. Finally, the field of low-energy nuclear reactions continues to be explored around the globe. Papers describing the role of low energy nuclear reactions in modifications of radioactive decay, in low-energy power cells and in powerful x-ray laser emission are contained in these proceedings.
Finally, on behalf of the organizing committee, I would like to thank the sponsors, presenters, attendees, and all who contributed to the success of this conference. I look forward to ICENES 2005 in Belgium.
Thomas A. Mehlhorn, ICENES 2002 Program Chair (Sandia National Laboratories)
2. Program of TESMI Meeting (Italian CF Meeting)
表記の会議が、このニュースの No. 42 でお知らせしたように、イタリアのレッチェで開かれました。F. Celani がこの会議のプログラムと概略を知らせてくれましたので、それを基に報告します。プログラムはイタリア語が主なので、読者の便宜を考えて英訳してみました。誤りがあるかもしれませんが、ご容赦ください。
PROGRAM of TESMI (Techniques and Experiments in Metal-Hydrogen Isotopes Systems) Meeting
9.30-10.00 Opening of Meeting
10.30-10.50 2. Theory of Mini-atom by E. Conte, (Radioactivity Research Center - Bari.)
11.00-11.20 3. The Non-Euclidean Property of Space-time and its Effects on Mini-atom Formation by U. Mastromatteo, (ST Microelectronics - Milan.)
11.20-12.00 Coffee Break
12.00-12.20 4. Survey of 4He in Cold Fusion Experiments. Simultaneous Production of Excess Enthalpy and 4He during Electrolysis with Pd Cathodes and Heavy Water by A. De Ninno, A. Frattolillo, (Frascati Research Center, ENEA – Frascati.)
12.30-12.50 5. Analysis of Hydrogenated Films Irradiated with Excimer Laser Ray by M. Di Giulio, E. Filippo, D. Manno, V. Nassisi, A. Pedone, A. Lorusso, G. Buccolieri, D. Doria, (Physics Department, INFN , University of Lecce – Lecce)
15.00-15.20 6. Thermal and Surface Effects in Metal Hydrides by S. Focardi, (Department of Physics, University of Bologna – Bologna.)
15.30-15.50 7. Unexpected Detection of New Elements, Sr and Hg, with ICP-MS, after Extended Electrolysis of Pd Thin Wire with Electrolyte of Deuterated Ethyl-alcohol by F. Celani*, A. Spallone*, M. Nakamura**, A. Mancini#, (*National Laboratory of Frascati, INFN – Frascati, **EURESYS – Roma, # ORIM - Piediripa (Macerata))
16.00-16.20 8. Neutron, Polyneutron, Polyneutron Complex: LET(?), Alchemy, Chemistry by R. A. Monti, G. A.Cesarano-Monti, (T.E.S.R.E.-C.N.R. – Bologna)
16.30-16.50 9. X-ray Emission and Isotopic Shift during Electrochemical Loading of Hydrogen and Deuterium in Palladium and Nickel by V. Violante, C. Sibilia, (Frascati Research Center, ENEA – Frascati)
17.00-17.2010. Loading of Deuterium in Pd from Gas Phase at Low Temperature by F. Scaramuzzi, (Frascati Research Center, ENEA – Frascati)
17.30-17.50 11. Measurement of Specific Heat of Pd-H System by L. Gamberale, D. Garbelli, G. Piana, (Pirelli LABS, Materials Innovation Advanced Research – Milan)
9.30-9.50 12. Bulk Analysis of D-Pd and H-Pd Treated with Excimer Laser by A. Lorusso, V. Nassisi, (Department of Physics, INFN , University of Lecce – Lecce)
10.00-10.10 13. Confirmation of Anomalous Hydrogen Generation by Plasma Electrolysis by T. Mizuno et al.
10.10-10.20 14. Relationship between Neutron Burst and Absorption in a Palladium Electrode by Tadahiko Mizuno, Tadashi Akimoto, Tadayoshi Ohmori(1), Akito Takahashi(2) and Francesco Celani(3), (Division of Quantum Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8628, Japan, (1): Catalysis Research Center, Hokkaido University, Kita 11 Nishi 10, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060, Japan, (2): Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan, (3): INFN-LNF, Via E. Fermi 40, 00044, Frascati, Roma, Italy)