CFRL English News No. 77 (2011. 12. 20)
Fusion Research Laboratory (
(Back numbers of this News are posted on the above geocities and/or PSU site of the CFRL Websites)
CFP (Cold Fusion Phenomenon) stands for gnuclear reactions and accompanying events occurring in open (with external particle and energy supply), non-equilibrium system composed of solids with high densities of hydrogen isotopes (H and/or D) in ambient radiationh belonging to Solid-State Nuclear Physics (SSNP) or Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (CMNS).
This is the CFRL News (in English) No. 77 for Cold Fusion researchers published by Dr. H. Kozima, now at the Cold Fusion Research Laboratory, Shizuoka, Japan.
This issue contains the following items:
1. JCF12 was held on Dec. 17 – 18, 2011 in Kobe, Japan
2. Two papers from CFRL are presented at JCF12
3. On patents issued in relation to the Cold Fusion Phenomenon
P. JCF12 was held on Dec. 17 – 18, 2011 in Kobe, Japan
JCF12 was held on December 17 – 18, 2011 at Kobe University in Kobe, Japan. There are presented 19 presentations including 7 experimental and 7 theoretical papers. The program of the conference and abstracts of papers presented are posted at following JCF website;
2. Two papers from CFRL are presented at JCF12
Two papers from our CFRL (Cold Fusion Research Laboratory) were presented;
1. JCF12-8 H. Kozima and M. Tada, gThe Cold Fusion Phenomenon in Hydrogen Graphitesh
2. JCF12-13 H. Kozima, gThree laws in the Cold Fusion Phenomenon and Their Physical Meaningh
We give here brief explanations of these papers.
2-1. The Cold Fusion Phenomenon in Hydrogen Graphites
In this paper, we took up experimental data sets of nuclear transmutation and excess heat in discharge and electrolysis systems with carbon (graphite) electrodes. The discharge experiments are performed in water with carbon cathode and carbon or metal anodes where measured generation of new elements of Ca, Si, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu and/or Zn.
As we have shown a possible explanation of nuclear transmutation in XLPE (cross-linked polyethylene) (Proc. ICCF14 pp. 618 – 622 (2010)) by an interaction between carbon and hydrogen in interlaced superlattice, it is possible to explain the results obtained in the carbon arc experiments with similar mechanism in interlaced superlattice of carbon lattice (graphite) and occluded hydrogen lattice. Some experimental and simulation results favorable for this mechanism are given. Full paper of this work will be published in Proc. JCF12 to be published next year.
2-2. Three laws in the Cold Fusion Phenomenon and Their Physical Meaning
@In this paper, we discussed physical meaning of the CFP (cold fusion phenomenon) suggested by the three empirical laws obtained by analyses of experimental data sets in this field. The three laws can be presented as follows;
The first law: stability effect of nuclei to generate them in the CFP. This law tells us that the more stable a nuclide, the more often it is generated by nuclear transmutation in the CFP.
This law was deduced from a comparison of the natural abundances of elements iSuess and Urey, Rev. Mod. Phys. 28, 53-74 (1956)j and compiled data of observed elements generated in the CFP. There is another evidence of this law observed by Hora et al. (gNuclear Shell Magic Numbers agree with Measured Transmutation by Low-Energy Reactions,h Proc. ICCF7, pp. 147 – 151 (1998)) showing correlation between the number of nuclei observed in the CFP and their stability expressed by magic numbers.
The second law: inverse-power relation between the magnitude of an event p and the probability f(p)@of its occurrence, f(p)@@C/pn where C is a constant and n is an index of about one.
This law was deduced first from the extensive data obtained by McKubre et al. and later from the data by Dash et al. H. Lietz deduced another example analyzing more than 150 data sets compiled in E. Stormsf book.
Similar examples of the inverse-power law are known in other fields. One of these examples famous in seismology is the Gutenberg-Richter law (cf. Wikipedia). This law tells us that the CFP belongs to complexity as the earthquake does.
The third law: bifurcation of an effect in its time course.
This law was deduced by comparison of experimental data with bifurcation diagrams obtained in nonlinear dynamics (J. Gleick, Chaos, Figure on Page 71. ISBN 0 14 00.9250 1).
The parameter in the logistic difference equation used to simulate the bifurcation diagram is supposed to be the parameter nn in our TNCF model used to analyze various experimental data sets in the CFP.
These three laws show that (1) the CFP is a phenomenon belonging to complexity, and (2) the nuclear reactions occurring in the CFP are not similar to those occurring in nuclear physics in vacuum but rather resemble those occurring in stars. We should investigate a possible mechanism to replicate the first law.
Preliminary manuscript of this paper is posted at CFRL website;
Full paper of this presentation will be published in Proc. JCF12 to be published next year.
3. On patents related to the Cold Fusion Phenomenon
Several patents have been issued by now as far as we remember. From my memory, I can write down several of them which will give some positive effects to our research field.
United States Patent US4943355 July 24, 1990
United States Patent US5036031 July 30, 1991
United States Patent US5372688 Dec. 13, 1994
Rossi patent (from the home page of Leonardo Corporation)
They say that only the following patent application has been published and is available for review by the public.
United States Patent Application US2011/0005506A1; pub. Date: Jan. 13, 2011
World Patent WO/2009/125444; pub. Date: 15.10.2009
@Even if successful applications of a research field are a positive element to activate the field, there are inevitably demerits in the patent war as we experienced from the beginning of our research. The episode of Mme. Curie told by her daughter (The Science of the Cold Fusion Phenomenon ,Topic 3. Radium and patent) may be a story in the good old days of science.