CFRL English News No. 39 (2002. 8. 20)

Cold Fusion Research Laboratory (Japan) Dr. Hideo Kozima, Director

                            E-mail address;


            (Back numbers of this News are posted on the above webpages)


   This is the CFRL News (in English) No. 39 for Cold Fusion researchers published by Dr. H. Kozima, now at Physics Department and Low Energy Nuclear Laboratory, Portland State University.

This issue contains following items.

1) Program of ICENES 2002

2) Our Papers to be Presented at ICENES 2002


1) Program of ICENES 2002

The Preliminary Program for ICENES 2002 was sent to participants.

In this News, I copy the outline of the Program and details of CF related presentations. The program will be posted in the ICENES Website

Cold fusion papers will be presented on Oct. 1 (morning, one paper), Oct. 2 (morning, one paper) and Oct. 3 (afternoon, several papers) and Posters (Sept. 30 – Oct. 3, several papers).

Greetings and a part of the Program related with CFP in the e-mail from ICENES are cited below.


11th International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems

Sheraton Old Town Hotel, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

September 29 – October 4, 2002



We are pleased to welcome everyone to the 11th International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems. The objective of the conference is to discuss, on a broad international basis, the state of various advanced and non‑conventional concepts for nuclear energy production. The results of' developments to be discussed could contribute to the sustainability of' future energy production. This open public forum brings together international leaders in government, industry, and academe for discussions. The oral and poster presentations will be included in the ICENES 2002 Proceedings, which will be compiled, edited, bound, and distributed following the conference.

We are grateful for the support of the sponsors and encourage everyone to acknowledge their contribution to the success of the conference: UNM Office of' the Vice Provost for Research; UNM Chemical & Nuclear Engineering; Sandia National Laboratories; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; and Los Alamos National Laboratory.

We appreciate the time and dedication of the speakers and presenters in preparing their presentations and papers for publication in the ICENES 2002 Proceedings.

We welcome you to our 11th conference on these critical topics.



International Chair Jose Martinez‑Val

Program Chair Thomas A. Melhorn




ICENES 2002: Program



6:00 – 7:30 Welcome Reception (Fireplace Room)



8:00 WELCOME T.A. Melhorn, J.M. Martinez-Val,

8:10 KEYNOTE A.D. Romig



9:45-10:00 BREAK

12:00-12:45 LUNCH





7:30 Continental Breakfast

8:00 ‑ 11:45   NUCLEAR WASTE

MODERATOR: Alan Baxter, General Atomics, USA.

8:00 V1adimir Novikov, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, AUSTRIA

Stigma of the GLOBAL Nuclear Legacy and its Impact on the Likelihood of Success of the Nuclear

8:30 J. Dash, Low Energy Nuclear Laboratory, Port­     land State University, USA

Effects of Hydrogen Isotopes on Radioactivity of Uranium

9:00 A. Tonchev, Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, Duke University, USA

Measurement of Benchmark Nuclear Data for Thermal Spectrum Transmuter Design

9:30 N. Shubin, Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, RUSSIA

Neutron Cross Section Evaluations for Actinides at Intermediate Energies 239Pu

10:00 ‑ 10:15 BREAK

11:45-12:30 LUNCH

12:30-4:15 FUSION ENERGY I

MODERATOR M. Piera, Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Spain

2:45-3:00 BREAK

4:00-5:00 TOUR of the Albuquerque Museum

5:00-6:00 RECEPTION & No-host Bar (foyer)

6:00-9:00 BANQUET (Outdoor Sculpture Garden) –New Mexican Buffet



7:30 Continental Breakfast


MODERATOR: john S. DeGroot, Dept. of Applied Science, University of California – Davis, USA


9:30 ‑ 9:45 BREAK

9:45 Hideo Kozima, Physics Department, Portland State University, USA

The Cold Fusion Phenomenon and Its Application to Energy Production and Nuclear Waste Remediation



MODERATOR: Thomas A. Melhorn, Sandia National Laboratories, USA

12:00 ‑ 12:45 LUNCH

12:45‑ 4:30   PIC WORKSHOP (conclusion)

2:45 ‑ 3:00   BREAK

4:00 ‑ 5:00   IPCC TOUR (or free time)‑ not firm yet



7:30   Continental Breakfast


MODERATOR: Steve A. Slutz, Sandia National Laboratories, USA.

9:30 ‑ 9:45   BREAK

11:15 ‑12:00   LUNCH

12:00 ‑ 3:45   APPLICATIONS

MODERATOR: Paul McKenna, University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, SCOTLAND

12:00 Paul McKenna (presenter), Royal Society of    Edinburgh Fellow, University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, SCOTLAND

Laser‑Induced Nuclear Physics and Applications

12:30 G.H. Miley; Dept. of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana‑Champaign, USA

Low Energy Reaction Cell for Portable Power

1:00 Takaaki Matsumoto, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hokkaido University, JAPAN

Electro‑Nuclear Collapse and its Potential Applications

1:30 Xavier Dufour, Laboratoire des Sciences Nucleaire CNAM, FRANCE

Exothermal Effect by Passing a DC Current Through a Composite Conductor. Possible Nuclear Explanation

2:00 Xi Z Li Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, CHINA

Nuclear Science in Condensed Matter: Nuclear Energy Without Strong Nuclear Radiation

2:30 ‑ 2:45   BREAK

2:45 Alexander B. Karabut Scientific Industrial Association "Luch", Russian Federation

Research Into Powerful Solid X‑Ray Laser (Wavelength is 0. 8 ‑ 1.2 nm) with Excitation of High Current Glow Discharge Ions

3:15 George H. Miley Dept. of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana‑Champaign, USA

Theory of X‑ray Laser Emission from Highly Loaded Hydrides


Thomas A. Melhorn, Program Chair

Jose M. Martinez‑Val, International Chair


Introduction to ICENES 2005:

Hamid Ait Abderrahim, SCK‑CEN, Reactor Physics & MYRRHA Dept., BELGIUM



Mary E. White, ATR Institute, University of New Mexico, USA

Building Stakeholder Relations in Support of Emergency Preparedness and Response

Fulvio Frisone, Department of Physics, University of Catania, ITALY

Theoretical Analysis of the Cold E7usion Process

Scott M. Sepke, FOCUS Center, Nuclear Engineering Dept., University of Michigan, USA

Electron Motion and Thomson Scattering of Interfering Counter Propagating High‑Intensity Laser Beams

Eiichi Nishimura, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, JAPAN

Concept Design of a New Liquid Metal Target Station for Accelerator Driven Systems

Y. Nakao, 202 NSC, University of Florida, USA

Fokker‑Planck Modelling of Core Plasma Heating by Relativistic Electrons

Alexander B. Karabut, Scientific Industrial Association "Luch", Russian Federation

Experimental Registration of a High Current Glow Discharge of the Excited Long Living Atomic Levels with the Energy of 1‑3 keV and Nuclear Products Emission in the Solid Medium



2) Our Papers to be Presented at ICENES 2002

To the Conference, we submitted following two papers from Portland State University. Paper (1) will be presented on OctDQ (Wednesday) at 9:45 a.m. and paper (2) on Oct. 1 (Tuesday) at 8:30 a.m. as seen in the above Program.

(1) H. Kozima, gThe Cold Fusion Phenomenon and Its Application to Energy Production and Nuclear Waste Remediationh

(2) J. Dash, I. Savvatimova, G. Goddard, S. Frantz, E. Weis and H. Kozima, gEffects of Hydrogen Isotope on Radioactivity of Uraniumh


Followings are their Abstracts.

[Abstract 1]

gThe Cold Fusion Phenomenon and Its Application to Energy Production and Nuclear Waste Remediationh


The Cold Fusion Phenomenon (CFP) is concerned with nuclear reactions and accompanying events occurring in solids with high densities of hydrogen isotopes in ambient radiation.

1. Necessary conditions for the CFP

  Necessary and sufficient conditions for CFP are not fully determined yet. Some necessary conditions are deduced from existing experimental data sets;

1-1. Transition metals: Pd, Ni, Ti, Mo, . . . . =. M. It is necessary to use transition metals in which hydrogen isotopes are occluded to form transition-metal hydrides or/and deuterides.

1-2. Hydrogen isotopes: H, D, (T) = H. Hydrogen isotopes to be occluded in these transition metals are protium or/and deuterium (and probably tritium).

1-3. For positive CFP results a minimum amount of occluded hydrogen isotopes is required. The minimum amount of the occluded hydrogen isotopes expressed by the ratio of atoms is H/M]_{min} » 0.7.

1-4. Existence of background thermal neutrons. There are no positive results without background neutrons. Positive effects also occur when a source of thermal neutron is imposed during cold fusion experiments.

   This list shows that we should not confine our theoretical investigation to D + D fusion reactions if we want to explain whole data sets consistently.

2. Characteristics of CFP

The CFP is characterized by following characteristics;

2-1. Qualitative reproducibility. The CFP occurs with qualitative reproducibility, i.e. the same macroscopic initial condition causes quantitatively different effects from zero to a maximum.

2-2. Sporadic and intermittent occurrence. The CFP occurs sporadically and intermittently without expectation.

2-3. Localized reactions. From experimental data, we know reactions responsible for CFP mainly occur in surface layers of thickness about 1 micron. There is evidence for hot spots where surface topography is drastically changed.

2-4. Optimum combinations of [transition metal] - [hydrogen isotopes] – [electrolyte]. It seems that there are optimum combinations of transition metals with occluded hydrogen isotopes and electrolytes used in the experiments.

2-5. Variety of elements produced by nuclear transmutation (NT) are accompanied by excess heat Q; The products include transmuted nuclei with mass numbers larger than 5, ^{4}He (=He4), tritium (T), neutrons (n), gamma, X-rays, .

2-6. Nuclear transmutations (NTfs) producing nuclides with mass number larger than 5 are classified in three groups; a) NT_{D}, b) NT_{F} and c) NT_{A} explained by decay after, fission after and simple absorptions, respectively, of clusters of neutrons and protons by nuclei in the material used in the experiments.

2-7. Definite relations between amounts of these products N_{Q}, N_{NT}, N_{He4}, N_{T}, N_{n}, and N_{gamma};

N_{Q} » N_{NT} » N_{He4} » N_{T} » 10^{7} N_{n}.

3. Explanation of the Experimental Data Sets.

A unified and systematic explanation for the CFP in the framework of modern physics, therefore, should be given. Catalysis by neutral particles provides a mechanism to avoid Coulomb barrier between charged particles. In this way nuclear reactions induce nuclear transmutations which are observed as explained above in 2-5, 2-6 and 2-7. A successful explanation of many experimental data sets by a model (TNCF model) and quantum mechanical verification of the premises assumed in the TNCF model by the present author will be presented. Key elements of the explanation are neutron bands in solids and neutron drops made of large number of neutrons and a few protons and electrons. This model was developed by the author over the past several years as seen in the References of this abstract below.

4. Applications

   On the basis of these experimental facts and theoretical investigations, we will discuss possible applications of CFP for energy production and nuclear waste remediation. Using appropriate metal and hydrogen isotopes, we can control nuclear reactions in solids effectively producing excess heat and nuclear products. The same principle is used for remediation of hazardous nuclear waste transmuting them into non-radioactive nuclides.

5. References

5-1 H. Kozima, Discovery of the Cold Fusion Phenomenon ‑ Evolution of the, Solid State ‑ Nuclear Physics and the Energy Crisis in 21st Century, Ohtake Shuppan KK., Tokyo, Japan, 1998.

5-2 H. Kozima, K. Kaki and M. Ohta, "Anomalous Phenomenon in Solids Described by the TNCF Model", Fusion Technology 33, 52 (1998).

5-3 H. Kozima, "Neutron Band in Solids", J. Phys. Soc. Japan 67, 3310 (1998).

5-3 H. Kozima, K. Arai, M. Fujii, H. Kudoh, K. Yoshimoto and K. Kaki, "Nuclear Reactions in Surface Layers of Deuterium‑Loaded Solids" Fusion Technol. 36, 337 (1999).

5-4 H. Kozima, "Neutron Drop: Condensation of Neutrons in Metal Hydrides and Deuterides", Fusion Technol. 37, 253 (2000).

5-5 H. Kozima, M. Ohta, M. Fujii, K. Arai and H. Kudoh, gPossible Explanation of ^{4}He Production in a Pd/D_{2} System by the TNCF Modelh Fusion Science and Technology 40, 86 (2001).

5-6 H. Kozima, gNeutron Bands made of Excited Neutron States of Nuclei on the Lattice Points of Transition-metal Hydridesh Phys. Rev. Lett. (Submitted April 12, 2002.)


[Abstract 2]

gEffects of Hydrogen Isotope on Radioactivity of Uraniumh


Uranium foils were attached to the cathode of a glow discharge apparatus. A plasma of either hydrogen or deuterium was used to bombard the uranium. The rates of alpha, beta, and gamma emissions were significantly greater for the bombarded uranium than for the original material. These results are in agreement with results obtained on uranium co-deposited with hydrogen by electroplating.