Coins of silkroad







Western Han Dynasty

The king of Han Wudi attempted to send an expedition to Fergana to find these horses.
He chose a man called Chang Chien and 100 men as his expedition forse.
Chang and his men passed the western end of the Great Wall,and went forth toward the notorious
Takla Makan desert and finally passed over the Tien Shan Mountains to Fergana.
It was through Chang that China discovered the potential for trade with the West





Bai jin san pin
King of Han Wudi 119-115BC
Lead
Obv; Image of dragon Rev; Obscure word
AE 54.0mm Weight 135.6gram
Very Rare




Wuzhu
118BC-220AD
Bronze
Obv; "Wuzhu" character of chinese
Rev; Plain
AE 26.5mm
Weight 4.9gram
Common


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Bactria

Bactria (Bactriana, Bakhtar in Persian, also Bhalika in Arabic and Indian languages,
and Ta-Hia in Chinese) was the ancient Greek name of the country between the range of
the Hindu Kush and the Amu Darya.
Bactria was bounded on the east by the ancient region of Gandhara.
The Bactrian language is an Iranian language of the Indo-Iranian sub-family of the Indo-European family.


Antimachos I (Seleucid Empire)
175 -170BC
Silver
Obv; Nike standing left and Greek legend
Rev; Horseman galloping right and Karoshthi legend.
AR16.3mm Weight 2.4gram
Common

Eucratides I (Greco-Bactrian Kingdom)
171 - 135 BC
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait right,bust in crested helmet and Greek legend
Rev; Dioscuri on horseback, and Karoshthi legend.
AE21.0mm Weight 7.4gram
Common

Apollodotos I (Indo-Greek Kingdom)
175 - 165 BC
Silver
Obv; Elephant standing right and Greek legend
Rev; Humped bull standing right and Kharosthi legend
AR13.0mm Weight 1.0gram
Common

Menander(Indo-Greek Kingdom)
160 - 145 BC
Silver
Obv; Ruler's portrait right and Greek legend
Rev; Athena standing and Karoshthi legend.
AR19.8mm Weight 2.4gram
Common

Hermaeus(Indo-Greek Kingdom)
90 - 70 BC
Silver
Obv; Diademed and draped bust, right and Greek legend
Rev; Zeus enthroned and Karosthi legend
AR15.0mm Weight 2.1gram
Common


Indo-Scythians

The Indo-Scythians are a branch of the Indo-Iranian Sakas (Scythians),
who migrated from southern Siberia into Bactria, Sogdiana, Arachosia, Gandhara,
Kashmir, Punjab, and into parts of Western and Central India, Gujarat and Rajasthan,
from the middle of the 2nd century BCE to the 4th century CE.

Azes
57 - 35 BC
Silver
Obv; King mounted on horse walking right and Greek legend.
Rev; God standing left and Kharosthi legend
AR14.5mm Weight 1.6gram
Common

Azes II
23 AD
Bronze
Obv; Bull walking right and Greek legend
Rev; Lion walking right and Kharosthi legend
AE28.5mm Weight 13.6gram
Common


Parthian Empire

Parthiawas an Iranian civilization situated in the northeast of modern Iran,
but at its height covering all of Iran proper, as well as regions of the modern countries of Armenia,
Iraq, Georgia, eastern Turkey, eastern Syria, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan,
Pakistan, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and UAE.

Phraataces
2BC-4AD
Silver
Obv; Ruler's portrait left
Rev; Archer seated right and Greek inscription
AR22.1mm Weight 3.5gram
Common



Kushan empire

The Kushan Empire (1st-3rd centuries) was a state that at its height, about 105-250,
stretched from what is now Tajikistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan and down into the Ganges river valley
in northern India. The empire was created by the Kushan tribe of the Yuezhi confederation,
an Indo-European people from the eastern Tarim Basin, China, possibly related to the Tocharians.
They had diplomatic contacts with Rome, Persia and China, and for several centuries
were at the center of exchange between the East and the West.




Kujula Kadphises
30-80AD
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait right and Greek legend
Rev; Hercules standing and Kharosthi legend
AE23.0mm Weight 8.2gram
Common

'Soter Megas'/Vima Taktu
80 - 100 AD
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait right
Rev; King mounted on horse walking right
AE20.5mm Weight 7.7gram
Common

Vima Kadphises
100 - 127/8 AD
Bronze
Obv; King standing left tamgha on right and Greek legend
Rev; Shiva standing and the bull right
AE26.0mm Weight 16.6gram
Common

Kanishka I
127/8 - 152 AD
Bronze
Obv; King standing left and Bactrian legend
Rev; God Vado.
AE26.8mm Weight 17.0gram
Common

Huvishka I
152 - 192 AD
Bronze
Obv; King riding elephant right. Bactrian legend.
Rev; God Ardoxsho.
AE23.6mm Weight 8.0gram
Common

Huvishka I
152 - 192 AD
Gold
Obv; Bust of king left
Rev; God Pharro left and tamgha"OKPO"
AV20.8mm Weight 7.7gram
Rare

Vasu Deva I
192- 225AD
Bronze
Obv; King standing left tamgha on right and Bactrian legend
Rev; Shiva standing and the bull left
AE21.0mm Weight 7.0gram
Common

Vashishka
250- 260 AD
Gold
Obv; King left, holding trident in raised left hand
right hand lowered to altar and Brahmi legends
Rev; Shiva standing and the bull right and tamgha"OKPO"
AV24.6mm Weight 7.9gram
Rare

Shaka
300 - 370 AD
Gold
Obv; King left, holding trident in raised left hand
right hand lowered to altar and Brahmi legends
Rev; God Pharro right and tamgha
AV20.0mm Weight 7.8gram
Rare


Kushano-Sasanians

Unknown ruler
Kidara
4th-5th century
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Fire altar
AE 16.5mm
Weight 2.8gram
Common


Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian empire's territory encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Armenia, Afghanistan,
eastern parts of Turkey, and parts of India, Syria, Pakistan, Caucasia, Central Asia and Arabia.

Peroz
457 - 484 AD
Silver
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Fire altar
AR 27.1mm Weight 4.1gram
Common

Khusro II
590 - 628 AD
Silver
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Fire altar
AR 32.5mm Weight 4.2gram
Common

Imitative of Khusro II
590 - 628 AD
Silver
Obv; Ruler's portrait and Countermark "Abarshahr"
Rev; Fire altar
AR 31.0mm Weight 4.0gram
Common


Qian Ling

Lingzhao Xinquan
317 - 376 AD
Bronze
AE 21.0mm Weight 2.4gram
Very Rare


Ephtal

Nezak Huns "Nezak Malka"
515 - 680 AD
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Fire altar and 8-spoked sun wheels
AE 26.6mm Weight 3.2gram
Common


Unknown ruler
4th-5th century
Bronze
AE 14.0mm
Weight 2.6gram
Common
Unknown ruler
4th-5th century
Bronze
AE 16.8mm
Weight 4.0gram
Common



Kucha

Qiuci Wuzhu
6th century
Bronze
Obv; "Wuzhu"character of chinese
Rev; "50 " letter of Tochara
AE 20.0mm Weight 1.5gram
Common



Tang dynasty

The first emperor of the Tang dynasty, Tai-tsung (597 - 649 A.D.), Under his powerful leadership,
China was entering another great period, and Chinese control again reached over Central Asia.
As in the Han dynasty, goods and ideas flowed across the silk route during the Tang dynasty.


Kaiyuan Tongbao
7th century
Bronze
AE 25.0mm Weight 4.0gram
Common

Dali Yuanbao
Xinjiang
766-779AD
Bronze
AE 23.9mm Weight 4.6gram
Common

Jianzhong Tangbao
Xinjiang
780-783AD
Bronze
AE 22.5mm Weight 2.7gram
Rare


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Sogdiana

The Sogdian states, although never politically united, were centred around their main city of Samarkand.
It lay north of Bactria, east of Khwarezm, and southeast of Kangju between the Oxus (Amu Darya)
and the Jaxartes (Syr Darya), embracing the fertile valley of the Zarafshan (ancient Polytimetus).
Sogdian territory corresponds to the modern provinces of Samarkand and Bokhara
in modern Uzbekistan as well as the Sughd province of modern Tajikistan.

Unknown ruler
Samarkand
6th -7th century
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Tamgha
AE22.3mm Weight 2.5gram
Rare

King Shishpir
Samarkand
Not later 642-655AD
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Ishkhid Shishpir"
Rev; Tamgha
AE23.2mm Weight 2.7gram
Very Rare

King Vuzurg
Samarkand
7th century
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Ishkhid Vuzurg"
Rev; Tamgha
AE17.1mm Weight 2.4gram
Rare

King Urk-Vartamuk
Samarkand
675-695AD
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Ishkhid Urk-Vartamuk"
Rev; Tamgha
AE26.8mm Weight 3.4gram
Rare

King Tarhun
Samarkand
700-710AD
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Ishkhid Tarhun"
Rev; Tamgha
AE23.3mm Weight 2.2gram
Rare

King Gurek
Samarkand
710-738AD
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Ishkhid Gurek"
Rev; Tamgha
AE23.2mm Weight 4.0gram
Rare

King Turghar,
Samarkand
738-750AD
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Ishkhid Turghar"
Rev; Tamgha
AE17.2mm Weight 1.9gram
Rare

Queen Nana
Panch
Not later 7th-8thAD
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Mistress Nana Queen of Panch"
Rev; Tamgha
AE19.0mm Weight 1.4gram
Very Rare

King Ramchitak
Bkhara
First quarter of the 7th century
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Ishkhid Ramchitak"
Rev; Tamgha(contained square hole)
AE18.6mm Weight 1.3gram
Very Rare

Unknown ruler
Bkhara
640-708AD
Bronze
Obv; "Kaiyuan Tongbao"character of chinese
Rev; Tamgha
AR23.8mm Weight 4.3gram
Extremely Rare

Unknown ruler
Bkhara
Third quarter of the 8th-10th century
Silver
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Fire altar
AR25.5mm Weight 2.9gram
Common

Unknown ruler
Bkhara
Third quarter of the 8th-10th century
Silver
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Fire altar
AR25.1mm Weight 2.3gram
Common



Semirechie

Semirechye (also written Semiryechye, Semirech'e, Semirechiye, Semirechie, Semireche)
is a historical name of a part of Russian Turkestan, which corresponds to the South-Eastern part of
modern Kazakhstan, known as Zhetysu.It owes its name (Jity-su, Semirechie, i.e. Seven Rivers ) to
the rivers which flow from the south-east into Lake Balkhash.


Turgesh's kaganate King Sulu
717-738AD
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Turgsh's kagan"
Rev; Tamgha
AE 22.1mm Weight 3.5gram
Rare

Turgesh's kaganate King Vahshutaba
8th century
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"King Vashutaba "
Rev; Tamgha and "Yuan"character of chinese
AE 24.0mm Weight 2.6gram
Very Rare

Turgesh's kaganate
First half 8th century
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Fen of King Turgesh's kagan"
Rev; Tamgha of Turgeshs and Runic letter"P"blow
AE 20.0mm Weight 1.9gram
Extremely Rare

Tukhuses
8th century
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent"Master of Tukhuses"
Rev; Sogdian legent"Fen of Turgsh's kagan"
AE 19.4mm Weight 1.9gram
Rare

Arslanids
Late 8th - early 9th century
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legent""Fen of Master Bilge kagan of Arslan
Rev; Four symbols
AE 21.0mm Weight 2.4gram
Very Rare

Unknown ruler
Proto-Qarakhanid mid'10th century
Bronze
Obv; Four cufic word above "malik" right "aram" "yinal" "ching"
Rev; Plain
AE23.1 mm Weight 4.7gram
Extremely Rare

Fergana

Unknown ruler
Tutuks in Fergana
7th-8th century
Bronze
Obv; Sogdian legend
Rev; Plain
AE 17.8mm Weight 1.3gram
Extremely Rare


Chach

Unknown ruler
2-4th century
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Tamgha
AE 19.6mm
Weight 4.6gram
Common

Unknown ruler
7-8th century
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait(KIng and Queen)
Rev; Tamgha and Sogdian legend
AE 21.5mm Weight 1.9gram
Rare

King Tarnavch
7-8th century
Bronze
Obv;Snow leopard right
Rev;Tamgha
AE 21.2mm
Weight 2.4gram
Common

Unknown ruler
7-8th century
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Tamgha
AE 14.6mm Weight 1.0gram
Common

Unknown ruler
7-8th century
Bronze
Obv; Ruler's portrait
Rev; Tamgha
AE 21.2mm Weight 2.1gram
Common



Islamic Dynasty Abbassiide



Al Ma'mun
9th-10th century
Silver
Obv;Legend.
Rev;Legend.
AR 25.8mm Weight 2.9gram
Commn



Saman

Nasr b.Ahmad
Samarkand
885AD(AH272)
Bronze
Obv;Legend.
Rev;Legend.
AE 25.5mm Weight 4.4gram
Commn


Qarakhanids
Muhammad b.mansur
Dikhan Ahmad b.Ali
Ilaq
1004AD(AH395)
Bronze
Obv;Legend.
Rev;Legend.
AE 28.2mm Weight 2.6gram
Commn


Mohhamed Arslan Khan
11th century
Bronze
AE 23.8mm Weight 6.1gram
Common


Western Xia Dynasty



Fusheng Baoqian
1053-1056AD
Bronze
Obv; letter of Western Xie
Rev; plane
AE 24.omm
Weight 4.0gram
Rare

Daan Baoqian
1075-1085AD
Bronze
Obv; letter of Western Xie
AE 24.1mm
Weight 4.3gram
Rare

Qianyou Baoqian
1170-1193AD
Bronze
Obv; letter of Western Xie
Rev; plane
AE 24.3mm
Weight 3.6gram
Rare

Qianyou yuanbao
1170-1193AD
Bronze
Obv; character of chinese
Rev; plane
AE 24.5mm
Weight 3.5gram
Rare

Qianyou yuanbao
1170-1193AD
Bronze
Obv; character of chinese
Rev; plane
AE 24.9mm
Weight 5.2gram
Rare

Tianqing Baoqian
1194-1205AD
Bronze
Obv; letter of Western Xie
Rev; plane
AE 24.0mm
Weight 5.3gram
Rare

Tianqing yuanbao
1194-1205AD
Bronze
Obv; character of chinese
Rev; plane
AE 24.3mm
Weight 3.4gram
Rare



Uighur

Unknown ruler
Turfan
10th century
Bronze
AE 21.8mm Weight 2.2gram
Very Rare

Unknown ruler
12-14th century
Bronze
AE 21.0mm Weight 1.8gram
Common


Khorazm

Yuan Dynasty


Zhiyuan Tongbao
Shisong (Fubirai Khan)
1285AD
Bronze
Obv; letter of Paspa
Rev; plane
AE 28.1mm
Weight 5.5gram
Rare

Zhiyuan Tongbao
Shisong (Fubirai Khan)
1285AD
Bronze
Obv; character of chinese
Rev; plane
AE 23.2mm
Weight 2.3gram

Dayuan Tongbao
Wusong (Haisyan)
1310AD
Bronze
Obv; letter of Paspa
Rev; plane
AE 44.9mm
Weight 23.8gram
common



Khnate of Chagatai

Unknown ruler
Silver
AR19.0mm Weight 2.0gram
Common


Empire of Timur

Shahrukh
1405-1447AD
Silver
AR 21.3mm Weight 3.8gram
Common


Khnate of Kashgar

Khnate of Yarkand

Abdullah Khan
1635-1667AD
Bronze
AE 18.8mm Weight 5.1gram
Common


Abdullah Khan
1635-1667AD
Bronze
AE 19.2mm Weight 5.2gram
Common

Unknown ruler
Bronze
AE 11.0x11.5mm
Weight 5.3gram
Common

Dzungar Mongols

Tsewang Rabtan Pul
1700 - 1727AD
Bronze
AE 18.0mm Weight 7.5gram
Common



China's"Red Cash" Coins
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Indian coin

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