Spirit/Mind
by
G.W.F. Hegel
Jena
8 Germinal,1807

Hegel's Phänomenologie des Geistes in English

Translated
by
David Healan
Berlin
April 2007 - April 2008

________________________________________

Contents

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Preface

[to "System of Science" in two volumes, this being volume one]
The Pursuit of Scientific Knowledge
1. Concept: truth's element; scientific system: truth's true form       2. Spirit/mind's current standpoint       3. Principle not completion; against formalism       4. a. Absolute is subject –       4. b. – and what this means       5. Element of knowledge       6. Rising into that element is what this book is all about       7. a. Turning imaging and familiarity into thought –       7. b. – and that into the concept       8. Negative book? How false?       9. Historical and mathematical truth       10. a. Philosophical truth and its method –       10. b. – against schematizing formalism       11. Requirements for studying philosophy       12. a. Ratiocinative thinking negative –       12. b. – positive, its subject       13. Natural philosophizing: common sense, genius       14. Conclusion – author and public

Introduction

[to "Science of the Experience of Consciousness", originally encompassing this (then untitled) and the first four chapters]

A. Consciousness

Chapter I. Sense Certainty – This and Mean

[ 1. This ]       [ 2. Mean ]       [ 3. Whole and point ]       [ 4. Reception becomes perception ]      

Chapter II. Perception – Thing and Deception

[ 1. Thing of many properties ]       [ 2. Deception becomes reflection ]       [ 3. Whole again ]       [ 4. Perception becomes understanding ]

Chapter III. Force and Understanding – Appearance and Extrasensory World

[ 1. Understanding ]       [ 2. Force ]       [ 3. Syllogistic motion – midpoint: appearance ]       [ 4. Law of force ]       [ 5. Magnetic idealism? – Inverted world!]       [ 6. Infinite automotion – self-consciousness ]      

B. Self-Consciousness

Chapter IV.  Truth of Self-Certainty

[ 1. Desire and life ]       [ 2. Infinite substance ]       [ 3. Self-certainty ]      

A. Independence and dependence of self-consciousness – lordship and bondage
[ 1. Double meanings ]       [ 2. Power syllogism ]       [ 3. Truth of self-certainty ]       [ 4. Negative midpoint: labour ]      

B. Freedom of self-consciousness – stoicism, scepticism and the unhappy consciousness
1. Stoicism       2. Scepticism       3. Unhappy consciousness
[ 4. Threefold motion ]       [ α. Pure consciousness ]       [ β. Single individual ]       [ γ. Being for itself ]

C.

AA.  Reason

Chapter V. Certainty and Truth of Reason

[ 1. Category ]

A. Observing reason

a. Observing nature

1.Mere description       2. Characteristics       3. Laws       4. Observing organism       α)  Organism's relation to the inorganic       β)  Teleology       γ)  Inside/outside       αα)  The inside       5. Laws of its pure moments, sensibility etc.       6. Inside and its outside       ββ)  Inside and outside as embodied form       [ 7. Midpoints: organism and number ]       γγ)  The outside itself as inside/outside: projecting the organic idea onto the inorganic       8.  Organism from this side; its genus, species and individuality       [ 9.  Syllogism of organic patterning ]      

b. Observing self-consciousness in purity and in relation to external reality – logical and psychological laws

1.  Logical laws       2.  Psychological laws      

c. Observing self-consciousness in relation to its immediate reality – physiognomy and phrenology

1. Physiognomy       2. Phrenology       [ 3. Category and negativity ]      

B. Self-realization of rational self-consciousness

[ 1. Happiness and the individual ]       [ 2. Selfless predicate ]      

a. Pleasure and necessity

[ 1. Faust and the earth spirit ]       [ 2. Circle of categories ]      

b. Law of the heart and the madness of conceit

[ 1. Happy unity ]       [ 2. Madness of conceit ]       [ 3. Way of the world and virtue ]      

c. Virtue and the way of the world

[ 1. Virtue's ambush ]       [ 2. Hollow victory ]       [ 3. End in itself ]      

C. Individuality in and for itself real to itself

a. Spirit/mind animal kingdom and deception, the matter itself

[ 1. Animal kingdom of spirit/mind ]       [ 2. Matter itself idealsim ]       [ 3. Deception ]       [ 4. Substance is subject ]      

b. Reason making law

[ 1. Commandments not laws ]       [ 2. Non-contradiction ]      

c. Reason scrutinizing law

[ 1. Principle of non-contradiction – tautology ]       [ 2. Laws not commandments ]       [ 3. Antigone's unwritten laws ]      

BB.  Spirit/Mind

Chapter VI. Mindful Spirit

A. True spirited mind: customary ethical order

[ 1. Infinite midpoint ]      

a. Customary ethical world, human and divine law, man and woman

[ 1. Human and divine law ]       [ 2. Man and woman ]       [ 3. Midpoint woman ]      

b. Customary ethical action, human and divine knowledge, guilt and fate

[ 1. Action ]       [ 2. Guilt ]       [ 3. Oedipus ]       [ 4. Antigone ]       [ 5. Eteocles and Polyneices ]      

c. Legal status

[ 1. Roman emperor – lord of the world ]      

B. Self-alienated spirited mind, culture and education

I. Self-alienated mindful spirit's world

a. Education and culture and their realm of reality

[ 1. Good and bad, power and wealth ]       [ 2. Spirit/mind proposition ]       [ 3. State power syllosigsm ]       [ 4. Government ]       [ 5. Spirit/mind syllogism ]       [ 6. Elastic self ]       [ 7. Identical judgement, infinite proposition ]      

b. Faith and pure insight

[ 1. Flight from the world – religion ]       [ 2. Three angles ]       [ 3. Self as infinite proposition ]      

II. The Enlightenment

a. Enlightenment's struggle with superstition

[ 1. Born of substance ]       [ 2. Enlightenment's experience of faith ]       [ 3. Faith's experience of Enlightenment ]       [ 4. Enlightenment's positive reality ]       [ 5. Utility ]       [ 6. Predicate-free absolute ]      

b. Enlightenment's truth

III. Absolute freedom and the Terror

C. Morality – spirited mind certain of itself

a. Moral world view

[ 1. Duty ]       [ 2. Circle of postulates ]       [ 3. Demonstrating moral self-consciousness ]      

b. Duplicity

c. Conscience, beautiful soul, evil and its forgiveness

[ 1. Third world – third self ]       [ 2. Circle of self ]       [ 3. Beautiful soul ]       [ 4. Evil ]       [ 5. Forgiveness ]      

CC.  Religion

Chapter VII. Religion

A. Natural religion

a. Light god

b. Plant and animal

c. Craft master

B. Art religion

a. Abstract artwork

b. Living artwork

c. Spiritual artwork

[ 1. Comedy and tragedy ]       [ 2. Mask and choir ]       [ 3. Apollo and Hamlet ]       [ 4. Depopulating heaven ]

C. Revealed religion

[ 1. God evolves into man ]       [ 2. God is dead ]       [ 3. God is born ]       [ 4. Ecce homo ]       [ 5. Revealed, absolute religion ]       [ 6. Father and son]       [ 7. Good and evil ]       [ 8. Third element: community ]       [ 9. Real mother ]      

DD.  Absolute Knowledge

Chapter VIII. Absolute Knowledge

[ 1. Universal syllogism and infinite proposition ]       [ 2. Utility and morality ]       [ 3. Religion and concept ]       [ 4. Substance is subject – absolute knowledge ]       [ 5. Time and science ]       [ 6. Conclusion]      

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